This course is designed to introduce students to the law that deals with the protection of individuals, peoples and cultures against violations of certain internationally-guaranteed human rights. The course will examine the foundations of 21st Century international human rights law, namely, the Nuremberg principles, the United Nations Charter and decisions of the International Court of Justice. The provisions of the UN Charter dealing with the protection and promotion of human rights will be studied, as well as other instruments adopted by UN organs, such as the International Covenants on Civil and Political Rights, and on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Convention Against Torture, and the Conventions on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination and Discrimination Against Women. We will contrast the procedures developed by the UN to supervise the implementation of human rights treaties with procedures in the United States governmental system. The institutions that have been created to protect human rights in the European Union, the African Charter, and the Organization of American States will be examined. Finally, the interrelationship between international human rights law and relations between states, groups and individuals will be analyzed, including the recent events in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Yugoslavia.
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