Faculty Articles

Thomas Jefferson faculty members have published more than 550 law review articles on diverse, cutting edge topics including war crimes, racial profiling, educational reform, cognitive bias and law reform, transgender rights, community lawyering, criminal responsibility, international human rights, the role of diversity in educational institutions and the workplace, pharmaceutical counterfeiting, social security reform, reparations, end of life decision-making, international trade agreements, sex trafficking of children,  Harry Potter and the unforgivable curses and more.

To view scholarly articles by a faculty member, click on the name below or view the complete list of faculty publications.

Our world-class faculty brings years of valuable professional experience to the classroom, and our professors are highly productive scholars. Below is a helpful list areas of expertise in alphabetical order. Click any area to see the names of the professors who are experts in that area. Click any name to link to that professor’s profile.

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The Real Social Security Disability Fraud(s), 9 DePaul J. for Soc. Just. 93 (2016)

The Veterans Clinic and Legal Education: A Conversation with Professor Steven Berenson, 9 U. Mass. L. Rev. 444 (with Paul Lee) (2014)

Economic Windfalls and Child Support: How Should Gifts, Inheritances, and Prizes Be Treated?, 47 Suffolk U. L. Rev. 701 (2014)

From the Ashes of the Lawyer-Statesman Rises the Lawyer-Democrat: Practical Legal Wisdom from the Ground Up, 2014 J. of the Prof. Lawyer 17 (2014)

Preparing Clinical Law Students for Advocacy in Poor People’s Courts, 43 N.M. L. Rev. 363 (2013)

The Elkins Legislation: Will California Change Family Law Again?, 15 Chap. L. Rev. 443 (2012)

Homeless Veterans and Child Support, 45 Fam. L.Q. 173 (2011)

Should Cohabitation Matter in Family Law?, 13 J. L. & Fam. Stud. 289 (2011)

Dale Margolin, Steve Berenson, Lisa Martin, Karen Pearlman Raab, & Maryann Zavez, Empowerment, Innovation, and Service: Law School Programs Provide Access to Justice and Instill a Commitment to Serve, 48 Fam. Ct. Rev. 672 (2010)

Home Court Advantage Revisited: Interstate Modification of Child Support Orders Under UIFSA and FFCCSOA, 45 Gonz. L. Rev. 479 (2009/2010)

The Movement Towards Veterans Courts, 44 Clearinghouse Rev. 37 (2010)

Government Lawyer as Cause Lawyer: A Study of Three High Profile Government Lawsuits, 86 Denv. U. L. Rev. 457 (2009)

Issues Raised by Military Service in the Context of Family Law Cases, 43 Clearinghouse Rev. 220 (Sept.-Oct. 2009) (with Angela Anderson)

Legal Services for Struggling Veterans: Then and Now, 30 Hamline J. Pub. L. & Pol'y 101 (2009)

Passion is No Ordinary Word, 71 Alb. L. Rev. 165 (2008)

Educating Millennial Law Students for Public Obligation, 1 Charlotte L. Rev. 51 (2008)

A Primer for New Civil Law Clinic Students:The History and Development of Legal Aid and Clinical Legal Education in America and Common Issues That Have Arisen, 38 McGeorge L. Rev. 603 (2007)

Creating Workplace Solutions for Women Attorneys: Report of the Lawyers Club of San Diego Balance Campaign, 28 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 449 (2006)

Institutional Professionalism for Lawyers: Realizing the Virtues of Civic Professionalism, 109 W. Va. L. Rev. 67 (2006)

What Should Law School Conduct Codes Do?, 38 Akron L. Rev. 803 (2005)

A Cloak for the Bare: In Support of Allowing Prospective Malpractice Liability Waivers in Certain Pro Bono Cases, 29 J. Legal Prof. 1 (2004-2005)

Hard Bargaining on Behalf of the Government Tortfeasor: A Study in Government Lawyer Ethics, 56 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 345 (2005)

The Duty Defined: Specific Obligations That Follow From Government Lawyers' Duty to Serve the Public Interest, 42 Brandeis L.J. 13 (2003)

A Family Law Residency Program?: A Modest Proposal in Response to the Challenge Presented by Self -Represented Litigants in Family Court, 33 Rutgers L.J. 105 (2001)

Is It Time for Lawyer Profiles?, 70 Fordham L. Rev. 645 (2001)

Book Review, 27 Legal Stud. F. 479 (2003) (reviewing Raymond F Gregory, Age Discrimination in the American Workspace: Old at a Young Age (2001))

Public Lawyers, Private Values: Can, Should, and Will Government Attorneys Serve the Public Interest?, 41 B. C. L. Rev. 789 (2000)

Book Review, 23 Legal Stud. F. 585 (1999) (reviewing John C. Anderson, Why Lawyers Derail Justice (1999))

Can We Talk?: Impediments to Intergenerational Dialogue and Practice in Law School Elder Law Clinics, 6 Elder L.J. 185 (1998)

Politics and Plurality in a Lawyer?s Choice of Clients: The Case of Stropnicky v. Nathanson, 35 San Diego L. Rev. 1 (1998)

Evolving Transnational Cinematic Perspectives of Terrorism, 9 Perspectives on Terrorism 42-60 (2015), available at http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/418


The Potential of Transnational Cinema to Counter Islamic Extremism, 4 CTX JOURNAL 78 (2014), available at https://globalecco.org/the-moving-image-potential-of-transnational-cinema-to-counter-islamic-extremism

A Proposed Legislative Scheme to Solve the Mexican Immigration Problem, 2 San Diego Int'l L.J. 93 (2001)

Sex Harassment Training Must Change: The Case for Legal Incentives for Transformative Education and Prevention, 71 Stan. L. Rev. Online 62 (2018)

What We Know About Equal Employment Opportunity Law after Fifty Years of Trying, 100 Bull of Comp. Lab. Rels. 139 (Frank Hendrickx and Valerio De Stefano eds., 2018)

Acknowledging but Transcending Gender at Work: Applying the Model of Lifetime Disadvantage and Vulnerability Theory to Women’s Poverty in Retirement, in Vulnerability and the Legal Organization of Work 141-158 (with Malcolm Sargeant) (Martha Albertson Fineman and Jonathan W. Fineman eds., Routledge 2017)

The Role of the State towards the Grey Zone of Employment: Eyes on Canada and the United States, 58 Interventions economiques/Papers in Political Economy (a refereed journal published in Canada) 1 (with Urwana Coiquaud) (2017), available at http://interventionseconomiques.revues.org/3555

Reading Mike: Assessing the Work Law and Policy in an Age of Global Capital - What's Next? A Matrix for the Grey Zone, 20 Em. Rts. & Emp. Pol'y J. 445 (2016)

Reading Mike: Assessing Work Law and Policy in an Age of Global Capital, 47 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 667 (2016)(invited tribute to the late Professor Michael J. Zimmer)

It's Complicated: Age, Gender, and Lifetime Discrimination Against Working Women-The United States and the U.K. as Examples, 22 Elder L. J. 1 (with Malcolm Sargeant)(2014)(reprinted in  Women and the Law 759-852 (Tracy Thomas, ed., Thomson Reuters, 2015))

Moving Law and Policy Forward: The Winning Submissions of the First Annual Crane Disability and the Law Writing Competition (introduction to symposium issue), 38 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 1 (2015)

Cause, Effect, and Solution?: The Uneasy Relationship Between Older Age Bias and Age Discrimination Law, in The Multi-Generational and Aging Workforce: Challenges and Opportunities 97 (with Malcolm Sargeant) (Ronald J. Burke, Cary L. Cooper, and Alexander-Stamatios Antoniou eds., Edward Elgar, 2015)

Context Matters: A Reply to Professor Eisenberg, 65 Fla. L. Rev. Forum 13 (2014) (invited response)

Diverging Doctrine, Converging Outcomes: Evaluating Age Discrimination Law in the United Kingdom and the United States, 44 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 717 (with Malcolm Sargeant) (2013)

North American Border Wars: The Role of Canadian and American Scholarship in U.S. Labor Law Reform Debates, 30 Hofstra Lab. & Emp. L.J. 1 (with Michael J. Zimmer) (2012) (also published in Italian as La Guerra di Confine Nordamericana: il Ruolo della Ricerca Canadese e Americana nel Dibattito sulla Riforma del Diritto del Lavoro Statunitense, in Regole, Politiche e Metodo: L’ereditÀ di Marco Biagi nelle Relazioni di Lavoro di Oggi (F. Basenghi, L.E. Golzio (a cura di), con la collaborazione di A. Russo, O. Rymkevich, I. Senatori, C. Serra, eds., Giappichelli, 2013)

Decent Work, Older Workers, and Vulnerability in the Economic Recession: A Comparative Study of Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States, 15 Emp. Rts. & Emp. Pol'y J. 43 (with Andrew Frazer & Malcolm Sargeant) (2011) (reprinted in Age and Equality Law (Michael Selmi, ed., Ashgate 2013)

Learning from Troubled Times: Pursuing Equality Outside an Anti-discrimination Law Frame by Rethinking the Promotion of Safe Work during the Bush Administration, 45 U.S.F. L. Rev. 603 (2011)

Increasing the Employment Rate of Older Workers: European Objectives and US Lessons, 27 Int. J. Comp. L.L.I.R. 301 (with Malcolm Sargeant) (2011)

Puzzling Evidence from a Troubled Time: Rethinking State Promotion of Safe Work During the Bush Administration, 14 Emp. Rts. & Emp. Pol'y J 295 (2010)

Fearing Minefields But Finding Goldfields: Teaching International and Comparative Workplace Law in China or Anywhere Else, 25 Int. J. Comp. L.L.I.R. 33 (2009)

What We Learn in Troubled Times: Deregulation and Safe Work in the New Economy, 55 Wayne L. Rev. 1197 (2009)

Diversity, Equality and Integration: A Workplace Perspective from the U.S.; Conclusion, in Diversity, Equality and Integration: Beyond the Law - A Comparative Study (Roger Blanpain, ed, Vanden Broele Publishers, 2008) 

Globalization, Equality and Nondiscrimination: An Interdisciplinary Perspective from the U.S. on Diversity Programming, in Global Labour Market: From Globalization to Flexicurity, 65 Bull. Comp. Lab. Rels. 295 (Roger Blanpain and Michele Tiraboschi, eds., 2008)

How Well Do Internal EEO Alternative Dispute Resolution and Litigation Prevention Measures Advance the Traditional Goal of Anti-Discrimination Law?, 11 Emp. Rts. & Emp. Pol'y J. 139 (2007)

A Critical Look at Organizational Responses to and Remedies for Sex Discrimination, in Sex Discrimination in Employment: Multidisciplinary Perspectives 273 (with Margaret S. Stockdale & Faye J. Crosby) (Faye J. Crosby, Margaret S. Stockdale & S. Ann Ropp eds., Blackwell, 2007)

Coming to Terms with Zero Tolerance Sexual Harassment Policies, 4 J. Forensic Psychol. Prac. 65 (with Margaret S. Stockdale, Maureen O’Connor & Barbara A. Gutek) (2004)

Exceeding Our Boundaries: Transnational Employment Law Practice and the Export of American Lawyering Styles to the Global Worksite, 25 Comp. Lab. L. & Pol'y J. 257 (2004)

Gauging Employer Reactions to the First Maternal Wall Suits: Commentary on Keynote Speaker Joan Williams's "Beyond the Glass Ceiling," 26 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 27 (2003)

Fixing Watches with Sledgehammers: The Questionable Embrace of Employee Sexual Harassment Training by the Legal Profession, 24 U. Ark. Little Rock L. Rev. 147 (2001)

An Ounce of Prevention is a Poor Substitute for a Pound of Cure: Confronting the Developing Jurisprudence of Education and Prevention in Employment Discrimination Law, 22 Berkeley J. Emp. & Lab. L. 1 (2001)

Bulletproofing the Workplace: Symbol and Substance in Employment Discrimination Law Practice, 26 Fla. St. U.L. Rev. 959 (1999)

Discerning Form from Substance: Understanding Employer Litigation Prevention Strategies, 3 Emp. Rts. & Emp. Pol'y J. 1 (1999)

Introduction to Chapter on Feminism and Popular Culture, in Feminism, Media, and the Law 87 (Martha Albertson Fineman & Martha T. McCluskey eds., Oxford University Press, 1997)

Scripting Reality in the Legal Workplace: Women Lawyers, Litigation Prevention Measures, and the Limits of Anti-Discrimination Law, 6 Colum. J. Gender & L. 323 (1996)

Of Motives and Maleness: A Critical View of Mixed Motive Doctrine in Title VII Sex Discrimination Cases, 1995 Utah L. Rev. 1029 (1995)

Contextualizing the Debate: How Feminist and Critical Race Scholarship Can Inform the Teaching of Employment Discrimination Law, 44 J. Legal Educ. 366 (1994)

The Use of Subclasses in Class Action Suits Under Title VII, 9 Indus. Rel. L.J. 116 (1987)

U.S. Exceptionalism: The Hubris That Fuels Wars, in War and Environment Reader 34 (Gar Smith ed., Just World Books 2017)

Weapons of War and Mass Destruction, in Preventing War and Promoting Peace: A Guide for Health Professionals 61 (with Pauline Lubens, Evan Kanter, Kaveh Khoshnood, Bandy X. Lee, Jurgen Brauer, Curtis Holland, Jean Grassman, Ira Helfand, Patrick Hiller, and John Schuford) (Cambridge University Press 2017)

Drones and the Human Right to Peace , Peace Rev. (with Jeanne Mirer) (2015)

Ferguson Prosecutor Manipulates Grand Jury Process to Shield Officer, 11 Police Misconduct & Civ. Rts. Law Report 1 (2015)

Arizona's Immigration Law Encourages Racial Profiling, in Racial Profiling 187 (with Earl Ofari Hutchinson, Tim Wise, William Covington, Kamalakar Duvvuru, Sahar Aziz, Coleen Rowley, James A. Kowalski, Jody Feder, Sameera Hafiz, and Donald Tomaskovic-Devey & Patricia Warren) (with Carol Ullmann and Lynn M. Zott ed., Greenhaven Press 2013)

Teaching Torture at the School of the Americas, 35 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 1 (2013)

Torture as Terrorism, in Weapon of the Strong: Conversations on U.S. State Terrorism 0 (Pluto Press 2012)

Training Torturers: The School of the Americas, in A World of Torture 0 (ACAT 2012)

Endless War Crimes by the US in Iraq, in Euro Paische Ideen, Crimes of the Empire 1 (with Robert Fisk, Ross Caputi, Giuliana Sgrena, Paul Craig Roberts, Bill Van Auken, John Pilger, Sean Penn, Uri Avnery, Ismail Haniyeh, and Ang Swee Chai) (A.W. Mytze, London 2012)

Racial Profiling Legalized in Arizona, 1 Colum. J. Race & L. 168 (2012)

Breeding Ground: Afghanistan and the Origins of Islamist Terrorism, 68 Guild Practicioner 189 (2011)

Advising Clients to Commit War Crimes With Impunity: An Unethical Practice, 10 Seattle J. Soc. Just. 249 (2011)

Trading Civil Liberties for Apparent Security Is a Bad Deal, in National Security, Civil Liberties, and The War on Terror 69 (M. Katherine B. Darmer & Richard D. Fybel, eds., 2011)

Trading Civil Liberties for Apparent Security is a Bad Deal, 12 Chap. L. Rev. 615 (2009)

Colorblind Injustice: Roberts Court Violates Affirmative Action Mandates in Race Convention, 65 Guild Prac. 68 (2009)

Police Interrogation, How the Court Refused to Find That Torture Violates Due Process, in We Dissent: Talking Back to the Rehnquist Court. Eight Cases that Subverted Civil Liberties and Civil Rights, 152 (Michael Avery, ed., 2008)

Let the Sun Shine on the Supreme Court, 35 Hastings Const. L.Q. 161 (2008)

Peace Profile: Victor Rabinowitz, 20 Peace Rev. 398 (2008)

Speech Upon Assuming the Presidency of the National Lawyers Guild, 63 Guild Practitioner 129 (2006)

The Gonzales Indictment, in In the Name of Democracy: American War Crimes in Iraq and Beyond 133 (Jeremy Brecher, Jill Cutler, and Brendan Smith, eds., Metropolitan/Holt 2005)

Human Rights: Casualty of the War on Terror, 25 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 317 (2004)

Oil: Weapon of Mass Destruction, 11 Bridges: An Interdisciplinary J Theology, Phil., Hist. & Science 1 (2004)

Close the Concentration Camp at Guantanamo, 76 Covert Action Quarterly (2004)

Resisting Equality: Why the United States Refuses to Ratify the Women's Convention, 26 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 15 (2004)

United States Violation of International Law in Yugoslavia, Afghanistan, and Iraq, in Challenges of Multi-Level Constitutionalism 233 (Joakim Nergelius, Pasquale Policastro & Kenji Urata, eds., Polpress, 2004)

U.S. Coup D’Etat in Haiti, 61 Guild Practitioner 129 (2004)

The Myth of Humanitarian Intervention in Kosovo, in Lessons of Kosovo: The Dangers of Humanitarian Intervention 121 (Aleksandar Jokic, ed., Broadview, 2003)

The Legal Profession: Looking Backward: The Evisceration of the Attorney-Client Privilege in the Wake of September 11, 2001, 71 Fordham L. Rev. 1233 (2003)

On Terrorism and National Liberation Struggles, 11 Intl'l Islamic Univ. Malaysia L.J. 297 (2003)

Criminal Law: Substantive Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure, in Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Social Sciences and Humanities: Law, § (co-authored with Steven Semeraro & Ruth B. Philips) (UNESCO-EOLSS, 2002) (published online at http://www.eolss.net)

Affirmative Action Mandates in U.S. International Legal Obligations, in Using the Law to Achieve Equality: A Report from the National Lawyers Guild-National Union of Cuban Jurists Seminar in Havana, Cuba 9 (Nat’l Lawyers Guild, 2002)

Bombing of Afghanistan Is Illegal and Must Be Stopped, Int'l Rev. Contemporary L. 51 (special ed. 2002, Military Intervention in Afghanistan, The War on Terrorism: Violations of International Law)

NATO Bombing of Kosovo: Humanitarian Intervention or Crime Against Humanity?, 15 Int. J. Semiot. Law 79 (2002)

Understanding, Responding to, and Preventing Terrorism, 24 Arab Studies Q. 25 (2002)

Affirmative Action and the Equality Principle in Human Rights Treaties: United States’ Violation of Its International Obligations, 43 Va. J. Int'l. L. 249 (2002)

The World Trade Organization: Elevating Property Interests Above Human Rights, 29 Ga. J. Int'l & Comp. L. 427 (2001)

Open-And-Shut: Senate Impeachment Deliberations Must Be Public, 51 Hastings L.J. 365 (2000)

The Politics of the Clinton Impeachment and the Death of the Independent Counsel Statute: Toward Depoliticization, 102 W. Va. L. Rev. 59 (1999)

The Use and Misuse of Physician Extenders: Aiding and Abetting the Unauthorized Practice of Medicine, 24 J. Legal Med. 249 (2003)

Other Scholarship


Intersectional Barriers to Tenure, U.C. Davis L. Rev. (forthcoming 2018)

Trajectory of a Law Professor, 20 Mich. J. Race & L. 441 (2015), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2737690

A Better Tenure Battle: Fighting Bias in Teaching Evaluations, 31 Colum. J. Gender & L. 7 (2015)

Faculty Insights on Educational Diversity, 83 Fordham L. Rev. 3115 (2015), available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2670927

The Ugly Truth About Legal Academia, 80 Brook. L. Rev. 943 (2015), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2524097

Looking Forward to Diversity in Legal Academia, 29 Berkeley J. Gender L. & Just. 352 (2014), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2449850

Empirically Derived Compelling State Interests in Affirmative Action Jurisprudence, 65 Hastings L.J. 661 (2014), available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2315787

Two Sides of a Coin: Safe Space & Segregation in Race/Ethnic-Specific Law Student Organizations, 42 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 83 (2013), available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2097926

Book Review, The End of the Pipeline. A Journey of Recognition for African Americans Entering the Legal Profession, by Dorothy Evensen and Carla D. Pratt, 62 J. Legal Educ. 640 (2013), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=2285693

Separate, Unequal, and Seeking Support, 28 Harv. J. on Racial & Ethnic Just. 9 (2012) available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2222799

The Social Capital Benefits of Peer Mentoring Relationships in Law School, 38 Ohio N.U. L. Rev. 305 (with Kimberly A. Griffin) (2011) available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2019119

The Promise of Grutter: Diverse Interactions at the University of Michigan Law School, 17 Mich. J. Race & L. 63 (2011) available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2019107

Struggles & Support: Diversity in U.S. Law Schools, 23 Nat’l. Black L.J. 71 (2010) (first author, with Walter R. Allen, A.T. Panter, Charles Daye, and Linda Wightman)

Paint by Number? How the Race & Gender of Law School Faculty Affect the First Year Curriculum, 29 Chicano-Latino L. Rev. 1 (2010) (first author, with Maria Woodruff and Rican Vue) available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1957246

It Matters How and When You Ask: Self-Reported Race/Ethnicity of Incoming Law Students. 15 Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology 51 (2009) (with A.T. Panter, Charles Daye, Walter R. Allen, and Linda Wightman)

India, Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society (2008) (edited by Richard T. Schaefer)

Identifying Predictors of Law Student Life Satisfaction, 58 J. Legal Educ. 520 (2008) (with Nisha C. Gottfredson, A.T. Panter, Charles E. Daye, Walter T. Allen, and Linda F. Wightman)

Missing In Action: "Framing" Race on Prime Time Television, 35 Soc. Just. 145 (2008) (first author, with Christina Chin, Jenny J. Lee, Noriko Milman, and Nancy Wang Yuen)

Ebbs & Flows: The Courts in Racial Context, 8 Rutgers Race & L. Rev. 167 (2007)

Without a Trace: Asian Americans & Pacific Islanders in Prime Time Television, in Contemporary Asian America: A Multidisciplinary Reader (with Christina Chin, Jenny Lee, Noriko Milman, and Nancy Wang Yuen) (Min Zhou and J.V. Gatewood eds., New York University Press, 2nd ed. 2007)

Asian Pacific Americans in Prime Time: Still No Action (with Christina Chin, Jenny J. Lee, Noriko Milman, and Nancy Wang Yuen) (Asian American Justice Center 2006)

Asian Pacific Americans in Prime Time: Lights, Camera, and Little Action (with Christina Chin, Jenny J. Lee, Noriko Milman, and Nancy Yuen)( National Asian Pacific American Legal Consortium 2005)

Feminist Judgment: Nguyen v. INS, 533 U.S. 53 (2001), in Feminist Judgments: Rewritten Opinions of the United States Supreme Court 473 (Kathryn M. Stanchi, Linda L. Berger, and Bridget Crawford ed., Cambridge University Press 2016)

Re-envisioning the Reach of Persecution: Recognizing Refugee Status for the Family Bystander Witness, 34 Whittier L. Rev. 1 (2012)

Remedies for Non-Citizen Victims of Domestic Abuse, 32 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 87 (2009)

Immigration Law and Policy, in Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Social Sciences and Humanities: Law, § 6.31 (UNESCO-Eolss, 2002) (published online, http://www.eolss.net)

The Lawyer’s Image, The Writer’s Imagination: Professionalism and the Storyteller’s Art in Nadine Gordimer’s The House Gun, 13 Cardozo Stud. L. & Literature 299 (2001) 

Lost in Translation: Why Due Process Demands Deference to the Refugee’s Narrative, 53 Rutgers L. Rev. 127 (2000)

Valuing Women Storytellers: What They Talk About When They Talk About Law, 11 Yale J.L. & Feminism 245 (1999)

The Rights of Undocumented Aliens: Balancing Equal Protection and Federalism, 28 N.Y.L.S. L. REV. 431 (1983); reprinted in BNA Specialty Law Digest: Education, January 1985

Helen Palsgraf: Invisible, Silent & Marginalized , in Feminist Judgments: Rewritten Torts Opinions (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2018)

Excessive Force, Bias & Criminal Justice Reform: Proposals for Congressional Action, 63 Loy. L. Rev. 27 (2017), reprinted in Civil Rights Litigation and Attorney Fees Handbook, Vol. 33 (2017)

Rethinking Rodriguez After Citizens United: The Poor As A Suspect Class In High Poverty Schools, 24 Geo. J. on Poverty L. & Pol'y 1 (2016)

Still Using The Wrong Yardstick: Measuring Quality by the Proxies of Rumor, Bias and Conformity, 31 Colum. J. Gender & L. 154 (2015)

Promise Zones, Poverty & the Future of Public Schools: Confronting the Challenges of Socioeconomic Integration & School Culture in High Poverty Schools, 2014 Mich. St. L. Rev. 711 (2014)

Silencing Race & The First Amendment: The Suppression of Student Expression & Curricular Coverage of Racial Identity and Ethnic Solidarity in K-12 Education, 81 UMKC L. Rev. 569 (2013)

Are We Really Racing to The Top or Leaving Behind the Bottom? Challenging Conventional Wisdom and Dismantling Institutional Repression, 40 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 181 (2012)

The Hidden Law: Uncovering the Spiritual Foundations for Transformative Legal Reform, 4 J. App. Econ. 167 (2010)

De Facto Segregation & Group Blindness: Proposals for Narrow Tailoring under a New Viable State Interest in PICS v. Seattle School District, 77 UMKC L. Rev. 697 (2009)

Bringing Every Child Forward: Lessons Learned Under No Child Left Behind & a Road Map for Obama’s Educational Reform, 19 Temp. Pol. & Civ. Rts. L. Rev. 63 (2009) (with Philip T.K. Daniel)

When Government is a Passive Participant in Private Discrimination: A Critical Look at White Privilege & the Tacit Return to Interposition in PICS v. Seattle School District, 40 U. Tol. L. Rev. 145 (2008)

Racial Free-Riding the Coattails of a Dream Deferred: Can I Borrow Your Social Capital? 13 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts J. 967 (2005)

Towards an Establishment Clause Theory of Race-Based Allocation: Administering Race-Conscious Financial Aid after Grutter and Zelman, 14 S. Cal. Interdisc. L.J. 237 (2005)

Awakening an Empire of Liberty: Exploring the Roots of Socractic Inquiry & Political Nihilism in American Democracy, 83 St. Louis L. Rev. 575 (currently Wash. U.L.Q.) (2005)

Safe Rules or Gay Schools: The Dilemma of Sexual Orientation Segregation in Public Education, 7 U. Pa. J. Const. L. 183 (with N. Harris) (2004)

Multiracial Identity, Monoracial Authenticity & Racial Privacy: Towards an Adequate Theory of Multiracial Resistance, 9 Mich. J. Race & L. 387 (2004)

Playing Games with Equality: A Game-Theoretic Critique of Educational Sanctions, Remedies and Strategic Noncompliance, 77 Temp. L. Rev. 577 (2004)

Putting Quality Back Into Equality: The Constitutionality of Charter School Enabling Legislation in a Post-Grutter Era, 36 Rutgers L.J. 1 (2004)

The Death of Robin Hood? Proposals to Overhaul Public School Finance, 11 Geo. J. On Poverty L. & Pol'y 1 (2004)

In Search of the Talented Tenth: Diversity, Affirmative Access, and University-Driven Reform, 6 Harv. Latino L. Rev. 41 (2003)

School Finance and Educational Ultimatums: A Look at School Funding Implications for Public School Accountability, 2 Conn. Pub. Int. L.J. 1 (2002)

Leave No Child Behind: Normative Proposals to Link Educational Adequacy Claims and High Stakes Assessment Due Process Challenges, 7 Tex. F. On C.L. & C.R. 1 (2002)

A Covenant Broken: The Crisis of Educational Remedy for New York City's Failing Schools, 44 How. L.J. 107 (2000)

Rethinking School-Community Collaboration: The Role of Non-Profit Mergers & Joint Ventures in Remedial Education and Social Service Delivery, 16 Natl. Black L.J. 35 (1998) (Note)

Other Scholarship:

Legal, Ethical, and Human Rights Considerations for Physicians Treating Children with Atypical or Ambiguous Genitalia, 41 Seminars in Perinatology 252 (Ian Gross, Christopher Houk, and Peter Lee eds., 2017)

The Legal Status of Intersex Persons in the United States, in The Legal Status of Intersex Persons: A Comparative International Analysis (Jens Scherpe ed., Intersentia, forthcoming 2017)

Law, Ethics, and Genital Cutting , in Female Genital Cosmetic Surgery: Interdisciplinary Analysis and Alternative Solutions (Lih-Mei Liao and Sarah Creighton ed., Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2017)

Unequal Protection for Sex and Gender Nonconformists, in CONTROVERSIES IN EQUAL PROTECTION CASES IN AMERICA 201 (Anne Richardson Oakes ed., Ashgate 2015)

Interacting with Individuals with an Intersex Condition in the Workplace, in Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation Discrimination in the Workplace 46-1 (Christine Duffy ed., BNA 2014)

Health Care Issues Affecting People with an Intersex Condition or DSD: Sex or Disability Discrimination, 45 Loy. L.A. L. Rev. 849 (2012), available at http://digitalcommons.lmu.edu/llr/vol45/iss3/5/

Beyond the Binary: What Can Feminists Learn From Intersex and Transgender Jurisprudence?, 17 Mich. J. Gender & L. 13 (with Marybeth Herald and Mark Strasser, 2010)

Intersex: Practice, Theory and Activism (with Sarah M. Creighton, Katrina Roen, and Del LaGrace Volcano) in Intersex and After, 15 GLQ 249 (Iain Morland ed., Duke University Press 2009)

International Legal Developments Protecting the Autonomy Rights of Sexual Minorities, in Ethics and Intersex 87 (Sharon Systma ed., Spriger 2006)

Intersex and Intrasex Debates: Building Alliances to Challenge Sex Discrimination, 12 Cardozo J. of L. And Gender 99 (2006)

The Road Less Traveled: An Interdisciplinary and Cross-Cultural Analysis of Binary Sex Categories, in Transgender Rights 51 (Paisley Currah, Richard M Juang, Shannon Minter eds., Univ. of Minnesota Press 2006)

When Is a Same-Sex Marriage Legal? Full Faith and Credit and Sex Determination, 38 Creighton L. Rev. 289 (2005)

You Can’t Take it With You: Constitutional Consequences of Interstate Gender Identity Rulings, 80 Wash. L. Rev. 819 (with Marybeth Herald) (2005)

Because of Sex, San Diego Lawyer, 50 (Nov./Dec. 2004)

Legal Aspects of Gender Assignment, 13 Endocrinologist 276 (2003)

Gender Nonconformity: A Comprehensive Theoretical Approach to Break Down the Maternal Wall and End Discrimination Against Gender Benders - Commentary on Keynote Speaker Joan Williams's "Beyond the Glass Ceiling," 26 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 37 (2003)

Deconstructing Binary Race and Sex Categories: A Comparison of the Multiracial and Transgendered Experience, 39 San Diego L. Rev. 917 (2002)

What Do Scalia and Thomas Really Think About Sex? Title VII and Gender Nonconformity Discrimination: Protection for Transsexuals, Intersexuals, Gays, and Lesbians, 24 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 149 (2002)

Definitional Dilemmas: Male or Female? Black or White? The Law's Failure to Recognize Intersexuals and Multiracials, in Gender Nonconformity, Race, and Sexuality: Charting the Connections 102 (Toni Lester, ed., Wisconsin Univ. Press, 2002)

When Is a Man a Man and When Is a Woman a Woman?, 52 Fla. L. Rev. 745 (2000)

Defining Male and Female: Intersexuality and the Collision Between Law and Biology, 41 Ariz. L. Rev. 265 (1999)

Reconceptualizing Preconception Torts, 64 Tenn. L. Rev. 315 (1997)

Negligent Infliction of Emotional Distress: A Proposal for a Consistent Theory of Tort Recovery of Bystanders and Direct Victims, 19 Pepp. L. Rev. 1283 (1992)

African-American Innovators and Copyright Law: From Blues and Soul to Funk and Hip-Hop, in Hip Hop and the Law: The Key Writings that Formed the Movement 277 (Pamela Bridgewater, Andre Douglas Pond Cummings, and Donald F. Tibbs ed., Carolina Academic Press 2015)

Idea Theft: Frivolous Copyright-Lite Claims, or Hollywood Business Model? , 7 Hastings Sci. & Tech. L.J. 119 (2015)

The Right of Publicity: Is the Rent "Too Damn High"?, in Counseling Clients in the Entertainment Industry 2011, 279 (2011)

Papa’s Got a Brand New Bag: James Brown, Innovation, and Copyright Law, African American Culture and Legal Discourse (Lovalerie King & Richard Schur eds., Palgrave Macmillan, 2009)

Copynorms, Black Cultural Production and the Debate over African-American Reparations, 25 Cardozo Arts & Ent. L.J. 1179 (2008)

Intellectual Property Expansion: The Good, the Bad and the Right of Publicity, 11 Chapman L. Rev. 521 (2008)

There's No Business Like Show Business: Using Multimedia Materials to Teach Entertainment Law, 52 St. Louis U. L.J. 765 (2008)

Trademark Law and Racial Subordination: From the Marketing of Stereotypes to Norms of Authorship, 58 Syracuse L. Rev. 431 (2008)

Intellectual Property at the Intersection of Race and Gender: Or Lady Sings the Blues, 16 Am. U. J. Gender Soc. Pol'y & L. 365 (2008)

What the Treatment of African-American Artists Can Teach About Copyright Law, in Peter K Yu, Intellectual Property and Information Wealth: Issue and Practices in the Digital Age (2007)

Abusive Trademark Litigation and the Shrinking Doctrine of Consumer Confusion: Rethinking Trademark Paradigms in the Context of Entertainment Media and Cyberspace, 27 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 609 (2004)

Clearance Issues From a Litigation Perspective: Intellectual Property Infringement and Motion Picture Liability, in 2 Counseling Clients in the Entertainment Industry 255 (Practicing Law Institute, 2001)

Copyright, Culture, and Black Music: A Legacy of Unequal Protection, 21 Hastings Comm & Ent. L.J. 339 (1999)

Motion Picture Copyright Infringement and the Presumption of Irreparable Harm: Toward a Reevaluation of the Standard for Injunctive Relief, 31 Rutgers L.J. 173 (1999)

Terrorism as Impermissible Political Violence: An International Law Framework, 16 Vt. L. Rev. 461 (1992)

Anti-Law School Narratives and impediments to Reform of Legal Education: The NFL and Other Things, 45 J.L. & Educ. 539 (2016)

Beware of Navel Oranges, 34 U. Tol. L. Rev. 81 (2002)

Negocjacje: Teoria Praktyka I Nauka [Negotiation: Theory, Practice and Teaching], Edukacja Prawnicza (1999) (Pol.).

Patient-Psychotherapist Privilege: Access to Clinical Records in the Tangled Web of Repressed Memory Litigation, 30 U. Rich. L. Rev. 109 (with Elizabeth F. Loftus and John R. Paddock) (1996)

Drug Therapy for Persons with Development Disabilites: Litigation and Legislation, 12 Clinical Psychology Review 665 (with Nirbhay N. Singh and Cynthia R. Ellis) (1992)

The Church, the State, and the EHA: Educating The Handicapped in Light of the Establishment Clause, 73 Marq. L. Rev. 259 (with M. Grey Sweeney) (1990)

When the Teachers and Parents can't agree, Who Really Decides? Burdens of Proof and Standards of Review under the Education for all Handicapped Children Act, 36 Clev. St. L. Rev. 67 (1988)

The School Pays the Piper, but How Much? Attorneys Fees in Special Education Cases after the Handicapped Children's Protection Act of 1986, 23 Wake Forest L. Rev. 237 (1988)

Toward a Unified Approach to Privileges and Relevancy, 17 Mem. St. U. L. Rev. 1 (1986)

The Mentally Retarded and Private Restrictive Covenants, 25 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 421 (1984)

Truthfulness in Negotiation, 17 U. Rich. L. Rev. 99 (1982)

The Psychotherapist-Patient Privilege in Child Placement: A Relevancy Analysis, 26 Vill. L. Rev. 955 (1981)

Constitutionality of Presumptions on Receiving Stolen Property, 21 Wayne L. Rev. 1437 (1975)

Make Them Cry: Using Public Service Announcements to Teach Environmental Law, in Teaching Law With Popular Culture (Christine Corcos ed., Carolina Academic Press, forthcoming 2017)

The Buzz: EU Steps Up on Bee Protections, 32 Nat. Resources & Env't 52 (2017)

Strategic Dodging of ESA Listing Determinations, 29 Natural Resources and Environment 54 (2015)

TSCA, the Anti-TSCA & TSCA Reform, 28 Natural Resources and Environment 53 (2014)

Hubris and Humility in Environmental Law, 2 Geo. Wash. J. Energy & Envtl. L. (2011)

Educating the Next Generation of Environmental Lawyers, 25 Nat. Resources & Env’t. 52 (2010)

A NEPA-Climate Paradox: Taking Greenhouse Gases into Account in Threshold Significance Determinations, 42 Ind. L. Rev. 47 (2009)

Little NEPAs Take on Climate Goliath, 23 Natural Resources & Env. 40 (Fall 2008)

Is the Atmosphere Half Empty or Half Full?, 22 Natural Resources & Env. 52 (Spring 2008)

A Least Bad Approach for Interpreting ESA Stealth Provisions, 32 Wm. & Mary Env. L. & Pol'y Rev. 427 (2008)

Fishery Conservation and Management Reauthorization Act: A for Effort, 21 Natural Resources & Env. 52 (Spring 2007)

Vantage Point, 22 Natural Resources & Env. (Fall 2007)

The National Park Service Management Policies Controversy, 20 Natural Resources & Env. 68 (Spring 2006)

Vantage Point, 19 Natural Resources & Env. (Winter 2005), with Arnold Lum

Wetlands Turnabout, 18 Natural Resources & Env. 62 (Spring 2004)

Threatened Extinction of the Plain Vanilla Rule?: The Emergence of Complex 4(d) Rules and Local Government Response, 16 Natural Resources & Env. 78 (2001)

The Statewide Strategy to Recover Salmon: A Work in Progress, Washington State Bar Association Environment & Land Use Law Newsletter (Winter 1999)

The Puget Sound Salmon 4(d) Rule, in the American Bar Association, Endangered Species Committee Newsletter (November 1999)

Brownfields: Where the Market Makes Green, Natural Resources & Env. 345 (1998), with Bridgen and Lee

Land Use: So You Really Think You Can Get This Project Approved, written for a legal education seminar sponsored by the King County Bar Assoc. & the Univ. of Washington Law School (1997)

The Future of Environmental Law and Regulation, a background paper for Thinking Ecologically: The Next Generation of Environmental Law and Policy, Yale Univ. Press (1997)

Special Committee on Climate Change and Sustainable Development 1997 Annual Report, Natural Resources, Energy, and Environmental Law: The Year in Review (1997), with Kosloff, Hodas, Fang, Miller, Goldberg and Kirkpatrick

New Federal CFC Labeling Regulations, Environmental Litigation and Practice Group Update (June 1993)

New Source Review and BACT, written with R. Macfarlane for a legal education seminar on the Clean Air Act, Seattle, Washington (1993)

Why Pornography is Not Prostitution: Folk Theories of Sexuality in the Law of Vice , 60 St. Louis U. L.J. 243 (2016), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2959972

Excuses in Exile, 48 U. Mich. J.L. Reform 437 (2014), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2959922

Objectifying And Identifying In The Theory Of Excuse, 39 Am. J. Crim. L. 175 (2012), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2959883

Powerful Particulars: The Real Reason The Behavioral Sciences Threaten Criminal Responsibility, 37 Fla. St. L. Rev. 3 (2010), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2959892

Schematic Psychology and Criminal Responsibility, 83 St. John's Law Rev. 565 (2009), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2959882

Does Situationist Psychology Have Radical Implications For Criminal Responsibility?, 59 Ala. L. Rev. 611 (2008), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2959950

The Secret Politics of the Compatibilist Criminal Law, 55 Kan. L. Rev. (2007), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=979421

Resurrecting the Causal Theory of the Excuses, 83 Neb L. Rev. 1116 (2005), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=598543

Dangerous Places: The Right to Self-Defense in Prison and Prison Conditions Jurisprudence, 63 U. Chi. L. Rev. 693 (1996), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2959970

The Continuing Peace with Justice Debate: Recent Events in Uganda and the International Criminal Court, 48 U. of Pac. L. Rev. 265 (2017) Download a PDF version of the article

The Impact of States Parties’ Reservations to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, 2014 Mich. St. L. Rev. 309 (2014) Download a PDF version of the article

Comparing the Interests of Justice: What the International Criminal Court Can Learn from New York Law, 12 Wash. U. Glob. Stud. L. Rev. 1 (2013) Download a PDF version of the article.

The Practice of the International Criminal Court: Comments on "The Complementarity Conundrum", 8 Santa Clara J. Int'l L. 199 (2010) Download a PDF version of the article.

Using International Human Rights Law in U.S. Courts: Lessons from the Campaign against the Juvenile Death Penalty, in What is Right for Children?: The Competing Paradigms of Religion and Human Rights (Martha Fineman & Karen Worthington, eds., 2009)

Achieving Peace with Justice: The International Criminal Court and Ugandan Alternative Justice Mechanisms, 23 Conn. J. Int'l L. 209 (2008)  Download a PDF version of the article.

The False Dichotomy of Peace versus Justice and the International Criminal Court, 3 Hague Justice Journal No. 1 (2008)  Download a PDF version of the article.

Seeking Justice at the International Criminal Court: Victims' Reparations, 29 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 189 (2007) Download a PDF version of the article.

Alternatives to Miranda: Preventing Coerced Confessions via the Convention Against Torture, 10 Chapman L. Rev. 745 (2007)

The Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women: Evolution and (Non)Implementation Worldwide, 27 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 35 (2005)

Is Truth Serum Torture?, 20 Am. U. Int'l L. Rev. 521 (2005) Download a PDF version of the article.

The American Rejection of Economic Rights as Human Rights and the Declaration of Independence: Does the Pursuit of Happiness Require Basic Economic Rights?, 19 N.Y.L. Sch. J. Hum. Rts. 557 (2003)

Other Scholarship

Marijuana Legalization, in 1 Reforming Criminal Justice 115 (Erik Luna ed., The Academy for Justice 2017)

Marijuana Legalization and Nosey Neighbor States, 58 B.C. L. Rev. 1059 (2017)

Drug Truce, 77 Ohio St. L.J. 1323 (2016)

Marijuana Legalization and Pretextual Stops, 50 UC DAVIS L. REV. 741 (2016)

What Will Federal Marijuana Reform Look Like?, 65 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 689 (2015)

The 2015 Federal Budget’s Medical Marijuana Provision: An "End to the Federal Ban on Marijuana" or Something Less Than That?, 35 N. Ill. U. L. Rev. 537 (2015)

Controlled Substances, Uncontrolled Law, 6 Alb. Gov't L. Rev. 101 (2013)

The Federal Response to State Marijuana Legalization: Room for Compromise?, 91 Or. L. Rev. 1029 (2013)

Reflections on Medical Marijuana Prosecutions and the Ethical Duty to Seek Justice, 89 Denv. U. L. Rev. 1027 (2013)

Making Sense of Facial and As-Applied Challenges, 18 Wm. & Mary Bill Of Rts. J. 657 (2010)

Beyond the Prohibition Debate: Thoughts on Federal Drug Laws in an Age of State Reforms, 13 Chap. L. Rev. 555 (2010)

The Decriminalization Option: Should States Consider Moving from a Criminal to a Civil Drug Court Model?, 2010 U. Chi. Legal F. 299 (2010)

Toward a Public Health Approach to Drug Policy, 3 Advance: The Journal Of The American Constitution Society Issue Groups 43 (2009)

Vicarious Criminal Liability and the Constitutional Dimension of Pinkerton, 57 Am. U. L. Rev. 585 (2008)

Rights, Rules, and Raich, 108 W. Va. L. Rev. 705 (2006)

Raich, Health Care, and the Commerce Clause, 31 Wm. Mitchell L. Rev. 957 (2005) (with Aaron Marcus) (invited symposium contribution)

Why is Congress Still Regulating Noncommercial Activity?, 28 Harv. J. L. & Pub. Pol'y 169 (2004)

Comment, The Future of Medical Marijuana: Should the States Grow Their Own?, 151 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1787 (2003) (cited in Raich v. Ashcroft, 352 F. 3d 1222. 1237 (9th Cir. 2003) Beam, J. dissenting)

Introduction to Emotions at Work: The Employment Relationship in an Age of Anxiety, 19 Em. Rts. & Emp. Pol'y J. 43 (2015), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2971603

The Future of Workplace Affirmative Action After Fisher, 89 St. John's L. Rev. 597 (2015), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2971618

Judging Judges: Empathy as the Litmus Test for Impartiality, 82 U. Cin. L. Rev. 145 (2013), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2460626

Sonia Sotomayor: Role Model of Empathy and Ambition (reviewing SONIA SOTOMAYOR: MY BELOVED WORLD (2013)), 98 Minn. L. Rev. Headnotes 33 (2013), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2460601

Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin: Promoting Full Judicial Review and Process In Applying Strict Scrutiny, 4 Hous. L. Rev. HLRe 33 (2013), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2460593

Justice for All?, (reviewing Judith Resnik & Dennis Curtis, Representing Justice: Invention, Controversy, and Rights in City-States and Democratic Courtrooms (2011)), 65 Vand. L. Rev. En Banc (reviewing Judith Resnik & Dennis Curtis, Representing Justice: Invention, Controversy, and Rights in City 217 (2012), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2191310

Implementing Grutter's Diversity Rationale: Diversity and Empathy in Leadership, 19 Duke J. Gender L. & Pol'y 133 (2011), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2101573.

Core Diversity, 19 Temp. Pol. & Civ. Rts. L. Rev. 477 (2010), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1668107.

Assimilation at the Cost of Authenticity, 15 Asian Am. Pol'y Rev. 59 (2006) (reviewing Kenji Yoshino, Covering: The Hidden Assault on our Civil Rights (2006)), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2971611.

The Organization as a Gendered Entity: A Response to Professor Schultz's The Sanitized Workplace, 15 Colum. J. Gender & L. 609 (2006), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=983431.

Pink, White, and Blue: Class Assumptions in the Judicial Interpretations of Title VII Hostile Environment Sex Harassment, 70 Brook. L. Rev. 677 (2005), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=876362.

Romantic and Electronic Stalking in a College Context, 4 Wm. & Mary J. Women & L. 373 (1998), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2971614.

Natural Law, Positive Law, and Conflicting Social Norms in Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird, 32 N.C. Cent. School L. Rev. 162 (2010)   Download a PDF of the article.

Ariadne's Thread: Leading Students Into and Out of the Labyrinth of The Rule Against Perpetuities, 54 Clev. St. L. Rev. 337 (2006)

Charles Dickens’ Bleak House: Mr. Tulkinghorn as a Successful Literary Lawyer, 14 St. Thomas L. Rev. 689 (2002)

The Landlord/Tenant Free Exercise Conflict in a Post-RFRA World, 29 Rutgers L.J. 487 (1998)

The Price of Landlord's "Free" Exercise of Religion: Tenant's Right to Discrimination-Free Housing and Privacy, 22 Fordham Urb. L.J. 699 (1995)

Thunder on the Road from Seattle to Oklahoma City: Going from NOPA to ZOPA in the NBA, in Legal Issues in American Basketball ch. IV (Lewis Kurlantzick ed., Academica Press 2011)

The Fundamental Nature of Professional Sports Leagues, Constituent Clubs, & Mutual Duties to Protect Market Opportunities: Organized Baseball Case Study, in Legal Issues in Professional Baseball ch. IV (Lewis Kurlantzick ed., Academica Press 2005)

Towards a More Coherent Doctrine of Trade Mark Genericism and Functionality: Focusing on Fair Competition, 27 Fordham Intell. Prop. Media & Ent. L.J. 691 (2017)

The Myth and Reality of Dilution, Duke L. & Tech. Rev. (2012)

The Thirteenth Amendment as a Model for Revolution, 35 Vt. L. Rev. 765 (2011)

IP Remedies after Ebay: Assessing the Impact on Trademark Law, 2 Akron Intell. Prop. J. 163 (2008)

Pharmaceutical Counterfeiting and the Puzzle of Remedies, 8 Wake Forest Intell. Prop. L.J. 433 (2008)

Confronting the Genericism Conundrum, 28 Cardozo L. Rev. 1789 (with Deven R. Desai, 2007)

Comstock Act (1873), in 1 Major Acts of Congress 166 (Brian K. Landsberg, ed. Macmillan Reference USA: Thomson/Gale 2004)

Race and Gender Discrimination: A Historical Case For Equal Treatment Under the Fourteenth Amendment, 1 Duke J. Gender L. & Pol'y 89 (1994)

Legal Issues in Online Fan Fiction, in The Routledge Companion on Media Education, Copyright and Fair Use (Routledge, forthcoming 2018)

Fan Works and the Law, in New Directions in Popular Fiction 405 (Ken Gelder ed., Palgrave Macmillan 2016)

Convergence and Divergence: the Treatment of Certain Aspects of Real Property under the Civil Codes of Qatar and California, 2015 International Review of Law 7 (2015)

Desalination and International Watercourse Law , 2013 Utah OnLaw 297 (2013), available at http://epubs.utah.edu/index.php/utahonlaw/article/view/1121/817 or http://ssrn.com/abstract=2441946

Reclaiming Copyright from the Outside In: What the Downfall Hitler Meme Means for Transformative Works, Fair Use, and Parody, 8 Buff. Intell. Prop. L.J. 1 (2013), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=2040538

Intellectual Property Piracy: Perception and Reality in China, the United States, and Elsewhere, 2 J. Int'l Media & Ent. L. 65 (2008) reprinted in Chinese translation as 艾伦施瓦巴赫 [Aaron Schwabach], 知识产权中的盗版问题:中美等国的认知与现实 [Intellectual Property Piracy Issue: China, America, and Other Countries’ Perception and Reality], 电子知识产权 [Electronics Intellectual Property], Feb. 15, 2008, at 22, (余俊 [Yu Jun] and 路晓芳 [Lu Xiaofang], translators) reprinted in Chinese translation as 知识产权盗版:中美等国的认知与现实, Chinese Intellectual Property Review (Liu Chuntian, ed.; Beijing: Commercial Press,  2011) (Yu Jun and Lu Xiaofang, translators) reprinted in English in 42 Law/Technology 5 (2009) available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1022243

Of Charities and Clawbacks: The European Union Proposal on Successions and Wills as a Threat to Charitable Giving, 17 Colum. J. Eur. L. 447 (2011) available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1866461

Harry Potter and the Unforgivable Curses: Norm-formation, Inconsistency, and the Rule of Law in the Wizarding World, 11 Roger Williams U. L. Rev. 309 (2006), reprinted in The Lawyer Chronicle, Nov. 7, 2011 Available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=818185

Thomas Jefferson, Slavery, and Slaves, 33 Thomas Jefferson L. Rev. 1 (2011) available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1866452

The Harry Potter Lexicon and the World of Fandom: Fan Fiction, Outsider Works, and Copyright, 70 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 387 (2009) reprinted in Entertainment, Publishing and the Arts Handbook (Karen Tripp ed., Thomson Reuters 2010) available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1274293

Harry Potter and the Unforgivable Curses in The Law & Harry Potter 67 (Jeffrey Thomas & Franklin Snyder eds., 2010) available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1613462

Measures to Protect the Tibetan Antelope under the CITES framework, 29 T.s Jefferson L. Rev. 251 (2007) (with Liang Qinghua) available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=969473

Harry Potter and the Law, 12 Tex. Wesleyan L. Rev. 427 (coauthored with Jeff Thomas [lead author] et al., 2005) available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=829344

Kosovo: Virtual War and International Law, 15 Cardozo Stud. L. & Lit. 1 (2003) available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=395980

Ecocide and Genocide in Iraq: International Law, the Marsh Arabs and Environmental Damage in Non-international Conflicts, 15 Colo. J. Int'l Envtl. L & Pol'y 1 (2003) available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=442541

How Free Trade Can Save the Everglades, 14 Geo. Int'l Envtl. L. Rev. 301 (2001) available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=412102

How Protectionism is Destroying the Everglades, 31 Envtl. L. Rptr. 14,999 (2001), reprinted in abridged form as How Free Trade Can Save the Everglades, National Wetlands Newsletter, Jan.-Feb. 2002, at 7

NATO's War in Kosovo and the Final Report to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, 9 Tul. J. Int'l & Comp. L. 167 (2001) available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=412182

Professional Responsibility (Chapter in Thomas Jefferson School of Law Bar Passage Handbook) (2000)

The Tisza Cyanide Disaster and International Law, 30 Envtl. L. Rptr. 10,509 (2000)

Environmental Damage Resulting From the NATO Military Action Against Yugoslavia, 25 Colum. J. Envtl. L. 117 (2000) available at  http://ssrn.com/abstract=224028

Yugoslavia v. NATO, Security Council Resolution 1244, and the Law of Humanitarian Intervention, 27 Syracuse J. Int'l L. & Comm. 77 (2000) available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=412181

From Schweizerhalle to Baia Mare: The Continuing Failure of International Law to Protect Europe's Rivers, 19 Va. Envtl. L.J. 431 (2000) available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=412180

Using International Law to Prevent Environmental Harm from Increased Use of Desalination, 34 Tex. Int'l L.J. 187 (1999)

The Legality of the NATO Bombing Operation in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, 11 Pace Int'l L. Rev. 405 (1999)

Humanitarian Intervention and Environmental Protection: The Effect of the Kosovo War on the Law of War, 6 J. E. Eur. L. 405 (1999) available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=412562

Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings, 41 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 101 (1999)

Thomas Jefferson as an Unsuccessful Advocate for Freedom in Howell v. Netherland, 20 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 129 (1998)

The United Nations Convention on the Law of Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses. Customary International Law, and the Interests of Developing Upper Riparians, 33 Tex. Int'l L.J. 257 (1998)

An Analysis of First-Year Student WESTLAW Use: Why Vendor-Provided Training Isn't Enough, 16 Legal Reference Services Q. no. 2, 1997 at 7

Jefferson and Slavery, 19 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 63 (1997)

Diverting the Danube: the Gabcikovo-Nagymaros Dispute & International Freshwater Law, 14 Berkeley J. Int'l L. 290 (1996)

The Sandoz Spill: the Failure of International Law to Protect the Rhine from Pollution, 16 Ecology L.Q. 443 (1989), reprinted in part in Environmental Law and Policy: Nature, Law, and Society 999 (West Pub. Co., 1992), and in International Environmental Law 6 (Lupus Publications, 1993)

Doctrine or Dictum: The Ker-Frisbie Doctrine and Official Abductions Which Breach International Law, 25 U. Miami Inter-Am. L. Rev. 19 (1993)

Employer Sanctions and Discrimination: The Case for Repeal of the Employer Sanctions Provisions of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, 4 La Raza L.J. 1 (1991)

Death Watch on the Rhine, 75 Bus. & Soc. Rev. 36 (1990)

Oil Supply, Oil Security, and Environmental Objectives in International Law, in Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Institutional and Infrastructural Resources: The Role of International Law and Institutions, § (UNESCO-Eolss, 2002) (published online, http://www.eolss.net)

The IEA: Beyond the First Twenty Years, 13 J. Energy & Nat. Resources L. 239 (1995)

Settlement of Disputes Within the IEA Oil Emergency Sharing System, 19 St. Mary's L.J. 897 (1988)

Role of the IEA in World Energy Supplies, 3 Hous. J. Int'l L. 101 (1980)

Innovation in International Organization: The International Energy Agency, 1 Hastings Int'l & Comp. L. Rev. 1 (1977)

Partisan Gerrymandering: Is There No Shame in It or Have Politicians Become Shameless, 48 Memphis L. Rev. (forthcoming 2017)

Interpreting the Constitution's Elegant Specificities, 65 Buff. L. Rev. 547 (2017)

Settlement Without Consent: Assessing the Credit Card Merchant Fee Class Action, 2015 Colum. Bus. L. Rev. 186 (2015)

Worse Than the Tower of Babel?: Remedying Antitrust’s False Dichotomy Through De Novo Appellate Review, 5 Wm. & Mary Bus. L. Rev. 413 (2014)

Should the eBooks Case Presage the Decline of the Per Se and Market Share Doctrines , 35 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 15 (2013) (previously published in a slightly different form at CPI Antitrust Chronicle 1 (June 2012))

Assessing the Costs & Benefits of Credit Card Rewards: A Response to Who Gains and Who Loses from Credit Card Payments? Theory and Calibrations, 25 Consumer L. Rev. (2013)

Property’s End: Does Competition Policy Limit the Right of Publicity?, 43 Conn. L. Rev. 753 (2011)

The Reverse-Robin-Hood-Cross-Subsidy Hypothesis: Do Credit Card Systems Effectively Tax the Poor to Reward the Rich?, 40 Rutgers L.J. 419 (2009)

The Antitrust Economics (and Law) of Surcharging Credit Card Transactions, 14 Stan. J.L. Bus. & Fin. 343 (2009)

The Economic Benefits of Credit Card Merchant Restraints: A Response to Adam Levitin, 56 U.C.L.A. L. Rev. Discourse 25 (2009)

Are Professional Sports Leagues Single Entities Incapable of Conspiring in Violation of the Sherman Act?: The Supreme Court Ponders Whether to Decide the Issue in American Needle v. NFL, 5 GPC at http://www.globalcompetitionpolicy.org/index.php?&id=1704 &action=907 (May 2009)

Credit Card Interchange Fees: Debunking Six Myths, 7 The ICFAI U. J. of Banking Law 8 (2009)

Is the National Football League a ‘Single Entity’ Incapable of Conspiring Under the Sherman Act?: The Supreme Court Will Decide, 32 Th. Jefferson L. Rev. 1 (2009)

Should Antitrust Condemn Tying Arrangements that Increase Price Without Restraining Competition: Responding to Einer Elhauge Tying, Bundled Discounts, and the Death of the Single Monopoly Profit Theory, 123 Harv. L. Rev. F. 30 (2009)

Credit Card Interchange Fees: Debunking Six Myths, Banking and Financial Services Pol’y Rep. (2008)

Sweet Land of Property?: The History, Symbols, Rhetoric, and Theory Behind the Ordering of the Rights to Liberty and Property in the Constitutional Lexicon, 60 S.C. L. Rev. 1 (2008)

Enforcing Fourth Amendment Rights Through Federal Habeas Corpus, 58 Rutgers L. Rev. 983 (2006) reprinted in Habeas Corpus Theory & Practice (ed. G. Chandana 2008) and reprinted in abridged form 34 Search & Seizure L. Rep. 49 (2007)

Credit Card Interchange Fees: Three Decades of Antitrust Uncertainty, 14 Geo. Mason L Rev. 941 (2007)

Two Theories of Habeas Corpus, 71 Brooklyn L. Rev. 1233 (2006)

Reconfirming Habeas Corpus (Published online on H-Law (January, 2004), http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=8755), (reviewing Eric M Freedman, Habeas Corpus: Rethinking the Great Writ of Liberty (2001)), reprinted in 27 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 317 (2005)

A Reasoning Process Review Model for Federal Habeas Corpus, 94 J. Crim. L. & Criminology 897 (2004)

The Antitrust-Telecom Connection, 40 San Diego L. Rev. A. 555 (2003)

An Essay on Property Rights in Milestone Homerun Baseballs, 56 So. Meth. U.L. Rev. 2281 (2003)

Speta on Antitrust and Local Competition Under the Telecommunications Act: A Comment Respecting the Accommodation of Antitrust and Telecom Regulation, 71 Antitrust L.J. (2003)

Forced Sharing, Efficiency, and Fairness: An Examination of the Essence of Antitrust, 52 Kan. L. Rev. 57 (2003)

Telecommunications Law: The United States Model for Economic Regulation of Telecommunications Providers, in Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Social Sciences and Humanities: Law, § (UNESCO-Eolss, 2002) (published online, http://www.eolss.net)

Criminal Law: Substantive Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure, in Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Social Sciences and Humanities: Law, § (UNESCO-Eolss, 2002) (published online, http://www.eolss.net) (with Marjorie Cohn & Ruth B. Philips)

From Blueprints to Baseball: A Survey of Current Baseball Stadium Financing Projects – San Diego, 34 Urban Lawyer 389 (2002)

Responsibility in Capital Sentencing, 39 San Diego L. Rev. 79 (2002)

Regulating Information Platforms: The Convergence to Antitrust, 1 J. On Telecomm. & High Tech. L. 143 (2002)

Demystifying Antitrust State Action Doctrine, 24 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 203 (2000)

Abortion Clinic Protest and the First Amendment, 8 St. Louis U. Pub. L. Rev. 221 (1993)

The Process of Death: Reflections on Capital Punishment Issues in the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals, 66 Denv. L. Rev. 563 (1989)

Toward An Optimal System of Successor Liability For Hazardous Waste Cleanup, 6 Stan. Envtl. L.J. 226 (1987)

Distinguishing International From Domestic Predation: A New Approach To Predatory Dumping, 23 Stan. J. Int'l. L. 621 (1987)

Other Scholarship

Is More Better for the Uniform Code of Military Justice, 4 LAPILJ 48 (2014)

Fostering Reproducibility in Industry-Academia Research, 357 Science 759 (with B.R. Jasny, N. Wigginton, et al.,) (2017), available at http://science.sciencemag.org/content/357/6353/759.full

The Pathologies of Data-Generating Patents, in Big Data, Health Law, and Bioethics (with Ted Sichelman) (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2017)

Data-Generating Patents, 111 Northwestern Univ. L. Rev. 377 (with Ted Sichelman) (2017)

Preventing the Potential Perils Associated with Automated Pre-Examination Search, 2 Berkeley Technology Law Journal Commentaries (2016), available at http://btlj.org/2016/03/comments-pillar-1-proposal-2/

Rules, Standards, and the Reality of Obviousness, 65 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 25 (2014) (selected for republication in the Intellectual Property Law Review (Thomas Reuters West 2015), as one of the best law review articles related to intellectual property published in 2014).

The Implications of Technological Advancement for Obviousness, 19 Mich. Telecomm. & Tech. L. Rev. 331 (2013), available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2152123

Patent Cover-Up, 47 Hous. L. Rev. 1299 (2011)

Unsettled expectations: how recent patent decisions affect biotech, 29 Nature Biotechnol. 229 (2011) (with Christopher Thomas Scott) (first author)

Misuse Made Plain: Evaluating Concerns about Neuroscience in National Security, Peer Commentary, 1 Am. J. Bioethics-Neuroscience 15 (2010) (with multiple authors)

Pluripotent patents make prime time: an analysis of the emerging landscape. 28 Nature Biotechnol. 557 (2010) (with Charles E. Murdoch and Christopher Thomas Scott) (first author)

How to Get a Fair Share: IP Policies for Publicly Supported Biobanks, Stan. J.L. Sci. & Pol.y  65 (2009)

The Underrepresentation of Women on the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, 16 Wis. Women's L.J. 113 (2001)

Note, United States v. Hilton, 14 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 385 (1999)

Blue Book Rhapsody, 66 J. Legal Educ. 696 (2017)

Crimean Secession in International law, in Hungarian Yearbook of International and European Law, Vol. 3 303 (Eleven International Publishing 2015)

Introductory Note to Georgia v. Russian Federation: 2014 ECHR Judgment Regarding the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, 53 Int’l Legal Materials 810 (2014)

Blended Learning: A Flipped Classroom Experiment, 64 J. Legal Educ. 93 (2014)

Unilateral Secession in a Multipolar World (Introductory Remarks), 107 American Society of Int'l Law Proc. 211 (2014)

Nagorno Karabakh: An Alternative Legal Approach to its Quest for Legitimacy, 9 Miskolc J.I.L. 69 (2012), available at http://www.uni-miskolc.hu/~wwwdrint/mjil18/20121slomanson1.pdf

Pouring Skills Content into Doctrinal Bottles, 61 J. Legal Educ. 683 (ed., 2012)

Palestinian Statehood: A Secessionist Dialogue, 8 Miskolc J. Int'l L. 1 (2011)

Legitimacy of the Kosovo, South Ossetia and Abkhazia Secessions: Violations in Search of a Rule, 6 Miskolc J. Int’l L. 1 (2009), available at http://www.uni-miskolc.hu/~www.drint/mjil14/20092slomanson1.pdf, updated version available at http://slomanson.tjsl.edu/2.4_Secession_Legitimacy_Slomanson.pdf; reprinted in 3 Ukrainian Y.B. Int’l L. (2010)

American Judges against Judicial Independence, 11 Ukrainian J. Int’l L. 29 (2008)

Practice and Pleading: Choosing State or Federal Procedure, 27 California Lawyer 37 (published online) (Jan. 2007)

Tunkin Centenary Symposium - Alien Detainee Cases and Responsive Legislation: United States Balance of Power Struggle Between the President and Congress versus the Supreme Court, 11 Sudebnik 711 (2007)

International Humanitarian Law Symposium--Alien Detainee Cases and Responsive Legislation: U.S. Balance of Power Struggle between the President and Congress versus the Supreme Court, 15 Ukrainian J. Int'l L. 23 (2006)

State Civil Procedure Elective Plea, 54 J. Legal Educ. 235 (2004)

Historical Development of Arbitration and Adjudication, in Fundamental Perspectives on International Law 384 (West, 4th ed. 2002) reprinted in L’Histoire en Droit International 277 (Univ. Miskolc Press, 2004)

Legal Scholarship Blueprint, 50 J. Legal Educ. 431 (2000)

Electronic Lawyering and the Academy, 48 J. Legal Educ. 216 (1998)

Right to War?, 1 Moscow J. Int'l L. 5 (English-language version 1995) (with Adam Lopatka, Chief Judge, Polish Supreme Court; Yuri Kolosov, Chair, Int'l Law Dept., State Inst. of Int'l Relations, Moscow)

Fundamental Perspectives On International Law and Instructor's Manual (2d ed.) (St. Paul, MN: West, 1995)

Articulas Interruptus: Forbearing Footnote Folly, 12 Legal References Services Q. 87 (1993)

A Uniform System of Citation (13th ed.), 68 A.B.A. J. 735 (1992)

Book Review, The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation (15th ed.), 42 J. Legal Educ. 147 (1992)

Intro to Law: First Year Survival, 11 Legal Ref. Serv. Q. 185 (1991)

Do's and Taboos for Making Law Review: A Law Student's Compass , 11 Criminal Justice Journal 489 (1989)

Do's and Taboos with Law Reviews, 8 Legal Ref. Serv. Q. 225 (1988)

U.S. Supreme Court Position and the Hague Evidence Convention, 37 Int'l & Comp. L.Q. 391 (1988)

Registered Foreign Legal Consultant: The Nonlawyer Lawyer, 34 Dicta 23 (1987)

Registered Foreign Legal Consultant: The Nonlawyer Lawyer, 34 Dicta (San Diego County Bar Journal), Apr. 1987, at 23

Footnote Logic in Law Review Writing: Previously Unaddressed in the Criminal Justice System, 9 Criminal Justice Journal 65 (1986)

International Service of Summons: New Statutory Application of the Hague Service Treaty, 8 Los Angeles Lawyer 38 (1986)

Civil Action for Return of Property: "Anomalous" Federal Jurisdiction in Search of Justification, 62 Denv. U. L. Rev. 741 (1985)

Civil Actions Against Interpol: A Field Compass, 57 Temple L. Q. 553 (1984)

Current American Legal Citations (2d ed.), 52 Fordham L. Rev. 428 (1984)

Dismissal for Failure to Serve and Return Summons in State and Federal Courts in California, 19 Cal. W. L. Rev. 1 (1982)

Supplementation of Discovery Responses in Federal Civil Procedure, 17 San Diego L. Rev. 233 (1980)

Real Property Unrelated to Claim: Due Process for Quasi in Rem Jurisdiction?, 83 Dickinson L. Rev. 51 (1978)

Emergence of the "Tender Years" Doctrine: Too Young to Drink but Capable of Escaping the Civil Consequences?, 5 Pepp. L. Rev. 1 (1977)

I.C.J. Damages: Tort Remedy for Failure to Punish or Extradite International Terrorists, 5 Cal. W. Int'l L.J. 121 (1975)

Foreign Legal Consultant: Multistate Model for Business and the Bar, 39 Alb. L. Rev. 199 (1975)

Judicial Review of War Renunciation in the Naganuma Nike Case: Juggling the Constitutional Crisis in Japan, 9 Cornell Int'l L.J. 24 (1975)

Free Transit in Territorial Straits: Jurisdiction on an Even Keel?, 3 Cal. W. Int'l L.J. 375 (1973)

Social Security Reform: The Politics of the Payroll Tax, 32 Quinnipiac L. Rev. 1 (2013)

Chinese Reverse Mergers, Accounting Regimes, and the Rule of Law in China, 34 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 119 (2011)

Social Security: Are Sovereign Wealth Funds a Model for Reform?, 35 FORDHAM INT'L L.J. 98 (2011)

Social Security Reform: Should the Retirement Age be Increased?, 89 OR. L. REV. 1179 (2011)

The Government Shareholder: Regulating Public Ownership of Private Enterprise, 62 Admin. L. Rev. 1127 (2010)

The Marriage Contract in Fine Art, 30 N. Ill. U. L. Rev. 45 (2009)

The Public Trust in Private Hands: Social Security and the Politics of Government Investment, 96 Ky L. J. 369 (2008)  Download a PDF of the article.

Comment on Neil H. Burchanan's, Social Security and Government Deficits: When Should We Worry?, 92 Cornell L. Rev. 291 (2007)

Full Funding: The Future of Social Security, 22 J.L. & Pol. 395 (2006) Download a PDF of the article.

Expensing Isn’t the Only Option: Alternatives to the FASB’s Stock Option Expensing Proposal, 30 J. Corp. L 357 (2005) Download a PDF of the article.

China's Employment Laws and Their Impact on Women Working in China, 23 UC Davis J. Int'l L. & Pol'y 253 (2017)

Foreign Trade Zones of the United States, Free Trade Zones of the World, 16 Waseda Asia Rev. 66 (2014)

U.S. Foreign Trade Zones, Tax-Free Trade Zones of the World, and Their Impact on the U.S. Economy, 12 J. Int'l Bus. & L. 149 (2013)

Semiotic Defination of "Lawfare", 43 Case W. Res. J. Int'l L. 29 (2010)

Gendercide and the Cultural Context of Sex Trafficking in China, 32 Fordham Int’l L.J. 731 (2009) (with Christie J. Edwards)

The Legal Right to Wear the Veil and Its Multiple Meanings, in Proceedings of International Law and Literature Conference (Oxford University Press, 2008)

Human Trafficking in China, 6 UST L.J. 247 (2008)

Child Soldiers, Slavery, and the Trafficking of Children, 31 Fordham Int’l L.J. 415 (2008)

The Domestic and International Impact of the U.S. Victims of Trafficking Protection Act of 2000: Does Law Deter Crime?, 2 Loy U. Chi. Int'l L. Rev. 193 (2005) Symposium Issue 193 (Spring/Summer 2005), Reprinted in 38 Case W. Res. J. Int'l L. 249 (2007)

Updating the Domestic and International Impact of the U. S. Victims of Trafficking Protection Act of 2000: Does Law Deter Crime?, 38 Case W. Res. J. Intl. L. 249 (2007)

The Semiotics of Women's Human Rights in Iran, 23 Conn. J. Int's L. 1 (2007)

The Cultural, Political, and Legal Climate Behind the Fight to Stop Trafficking in Women: William J. Clinton’s Legacy To Women’s Rights, 12 Cardozo J.L. & Gender 855 (2006)

William J. Clinton's Legacy to Women's Rights, Symposium Issue Hofstra University (2006)

Civil Disobedience and the U.S. Constitution, 32 Sw.n U.L. Rev. 677 (2003), also in French as La Désobeissance Civile et la Constitution des États-Unis, in L’Droit De Resistance a L'Oppression, Collection "Le Genre Humain," 380 (Editions du Seuil, 2005)

Sex Slavery in the United States and Its Law to Stop it Here and Abroad, 11 Wm. & Mary J. Women & L. 317 (2005)

Le Droit de Resistance a l'Oppression, Le Genre Humain 159 (2005)

The Failure of The International Laws of War and the Role of Art and Story-Telling as a Self-Help Remedy for Restorative Justice, Symposium Issue, 12 Tex. Wesleyan L. Rev. 91 (2005)

Why the Medieval Trial of Joan of Arc is of Particular Interest Today, 21 J.L. & Religion 469 (2006) (reviewing Daniel Hobbins, The Trial of Joan of Arc (2005))

Representation of International Humanitarian Laws in the Film "The Pianist": On the Curative Role of the Arts During Genocidal War, 28 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 43 (2005)

Copyright Infringement, Sex Trafficking, and the Fictional Life of a Geisha, 10 Mich. J. Gender & L. 327 (2004)

A Semiotic Approach to a Legal Definition of Terrorism, 9 ILSA J. Int'l & Comp. L. 358 (2003)

Business and Trade Law, in Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Social Sciences and Humanities: Law, § (UNESCO-Eolss, 2002) (published online, http://www.eolss.net/)

The Saga of Susannah – A U.S. Remedy for Sex Trafficking in Women: The Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000, 2002 Utah L. Rev. 107 (2002)

Preface to the Second Annual Women and the Law Conference, 24 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 191 (2002)

Sex Sells But Drugs Don’t Talk: Trafficking of Women Sex Workers and an Economic Solution, 24 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 161 (2002), reprinted in Women and the Law (Carol H. Lefcourt, ed., Thomson-West, 2003), updating Sex Sells But Drugs Don’t Talk: Trafficking of Women Sex Workers, 23 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 199 (2001)

Free Trade and Protectionism: The Semiotics of Seattle, 17 Ariz. J. Int'l & Comp. L. 257 (2000)

The Paradox of International Adjudication: Developments in the International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, the World Court, and the International Criminal Court, 25 N.C.J. Int'l L. & Com. Reg. 551 (2000)

Introduction to Interdisciplinarity and Retrial of Shylock in Law And The Arts 149 (Susan Tiefenbrun, Ed., 1999)

Peace With Justice, 3 Hofstra L. & Pol'y Symp. 1 (Leon Friedman & Susan Tiefenbrun, eds., 1999)

On Civil Disobedience, Jurisprudence, Feminism and the Law in the Antigones of Sophocles and Anouilh, 11 Cardozo Stud. L. & Literature 35 (1999)

A Hermeneutic Methodology and How Pirates Read and Misread the Berne Convention, 17 Wis. Int'l L.J. 1 (1999)

War Crimes and War Crimes Tribunals: Past, Present, and Future, 3 Law and Policy Symposium (Leon Friedman and Susan Tiefenbrun, Eds. 1999)

Legal Ethics: Access to Justice 2 Journal of the Institute for the Study of Legal Ethics (Roy Simon and Susan Tiefenbrun, Eds., (1999)

The Piracy of Intellectual Property in China and the Former Soviet Union and Its Effects Upon International Trade: A Comparison, 46 Buff L. Rev. 1 (1998)

On the Tenth Anniversary of Cardozo Studies in Law and Literature, 10 Cardozo Stud. L. & Literature 139 (1998)

The Role of the World Court in Settling International Disputes: A Recent Assessment, 20 Loy. L.A. Int'l L & Comp. L. Rev. 1 (1997)

State and Federal Foreign Affairs Power in the United States, in Government Structures in the U.S.A. and the Sovereign States of the Former U.S.S.R. 156 (Greenwood Press, 1996)

The Lie, The Law and La Fontaine's Fables, 25 Metaphore 109 (1996)

Land Ownership in the Russian Federation: Laws and Obstacles, 37 St. Louis U. L. J. 235 (1993)

Semiotics and Martin Luther King's 'Letter from Birmingham Jail, 4 Cardozo Stud. L. & Literature 255 (1992)

A Comparison of International Arbitral Rules, 15 B.C. Int'l & Comp. L. Rev. 25 (1992)

A Legal Framework for Soviet Privatization, 18 Pepp. L. Rev. 849 (1991)

New Soviet Fundamentals of Law on Land Ownership, 4 N.Y. Int'l L. Rev. 92  (1991)(cited in publication of World Bank)

Joint Ventures in the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe and The People's Republic of China as of December, 1989, 21 N.Y.U. J. Int'l L .& Pol. 667 (1989) (monograph)

Legal Semiotics, 5 Cardozo Arts & Ent. L.J, 89 (1986)

Other Scholarship:

Book Review: Jean E. Kalicki and Anna Joubrin-Bret, "Reshaping the Investor-State Dispute Settlement System: Journeys for the 21st Century", 23 Transnational Corps. 103 (2016)

The Liberal Vision of the International Law on Foreign Investment, in Alternative Visions of the International Law on Foreign Investment: Essays in Honour of Muthucumaraswamy Sornarajah 43 (Chin Leng Lim ed., Cambridge University Press 2016)

A Unified Theory of Fair and Equitable Treatment, 43 N.Y.U.J. Int'l L. & Pol. 43 (2011)

A Brief History of International Investment Agreements, 12 U.C. Davis J. Int'l L. & Pol'y 157 (2005), reprinted in The Effect of Bilateral Investment Treaties and Double Taxation Treaties on Foreign Direct Investment Flows 2 (Karl P. Sauvant and Lisa E. Sachs, eds., New York: Oxford University Press, 2009)

A Comparison of the 2004 and 1994 U.S. Model BITs: Rebalancing Investor and Host State Interests, in Yearbook on International Investment Law and Policy (Karl P. Sauvant, ed. 2008/2009)

International Investment Agreements in Historical Perspective, 12 UC Davis J. L. & Pol'y 157 (2005)

A New Generation of International Investment Agreements: The Asia and Pacific Perspective, UNCTAD Occasional Paper (2005)

Leadership in Times of Institutional Change, 37 U. Tol. L. Rev. 163 (2005)

The Economics of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 41 Harv. Int'l L.J. 469 (2000)

Fixing International Law of Fixing Castro, 48 Cath. U. L. Rev. 1035 (1999)

Sustainable Liberalism and the International Investment Regime, 19 Mich. J. Int'l L. 373 (1998)

Investment Liberalization and Economic Development: The Role of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 36 Colum. J. Transnat'l L. 501 (1998)

The Political Economy of a Bilateral Investment Treaty, 92 Am. J. Int'l L. 621 (1998)

Toward an Effective International Investment Regime, 91 Am. Soc'y Int'l Law Proc. 485 (1997)

Book Review, Rudolf Dolzer and Margrete Stevens, Bilateral Investment Treaties, 90 Am. J. of Int'l L. 545 (1996)

Arbitration Provisions in the BITs and the Energy Charter Treaty, in The Energy Charter Treaty 409 (Cambridge: Kluwer Law International, 1996)

Investment Arbitration in the BITs and ECT, in The Energy Charter Treaty (Cambridge: Kluwer Law International, 1996)

Book Review, Claire Cushman, The Supreme Court Justices: Illustrated Biographies, 1789-1993, 3 San Diego Just. J. 317 (1995)

Ideology, Due Process, and Civil Procedure, 67 St. John’s L. Rev. 265 (1993)

Of Politics and Markets: The Shifting Ideology of the Bits, 11 Int’l Tax & Bus. Law 159 (1993) (now Berkeley J. Int’l L.)

U.S. Bilateral Investment Treaties: The Second Wave, 14 Mich. J. Int’l L. 621 (1993)

The BIT Program: A Fifteen Year Appraisal, 1992 Am. Soc'y of Int'l L. Proc. 532 (1992)

The Modern Doctrine of Prima Facie Tort, 79 Ky L. J. 519 (1991)

A History of Prima Facie Tort: The Origins of a General Theory of Intentional Tort, 19 Hofstra L. Rev. 447 (1990)

The Bilateral Investment Treaty Program of the United States, 21 Cornell Int'l L.J. 201 (1988)

Treaty Interpretation from a Negotiator's Perspective, 21 Vand. J. of Transnat'l L. 281 (1988)

Reassessing the Hickenlooper Amendment, 29 Va. J. of Int'l L. 115 (1988)

Organization and Administration: PAC Legal Considerations, in The PAC Handbook 192 (with William E. Sudow, Esq.) (K. Clair ed., Fraser/Associates, 1981)

The New Property of the Nineteenth Century: the Development of the Modern Concept of Property, 29 Buff. L. Rev. 325 (1980)

International Regulation of Fluorocarbons, 2 Harv. Envtl L. Rev. 474 (1978)

Inequality in America and Spillover Effects on Mediation Practice: Disputing for the 1 Per Cent and the 99 Per Cent, 35 Law In Context 24 (2017)

Forgiveness & Reconciliation: Processes and Outcomes, in The Negotiators Desk Reference (with Loren Toussaint) (Chris Honeyman and Andrea Kupfer Schneider ed., American Bar Association Section of Dispute Resolution Press, forthcoming 2017)

Palliative Care and End-of-Life Options, 34 Quinnipiac L. Rev. 627 (with Lynette Cederquist) (2016)

Mediators and Substantive Justice: A View from Rawls' Original Position, 30 Ohio St. J. on Disp. Resol. 391 (with Lola Akin Ojelabi) (2016)

The Hopes and Fears of All the Years: 30 Years behind and the Road Ahead for the Widespread Use of Mediation, 31 Ohio St. J. on Disp. Resol. 123 (with Lela P. Love) (2016)

Bioethics Mediation at the End of Life: Opportunities and Limitations, 15 Cardozo J. Conflict Resol. 449 (2014), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=2446758

Story as Sermon and Seduction , 34 Cardozo L. Rev. 2443 (2013), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=2446751

Mindfulness, Emotions and Ethics: The Right Stuff?, 10 Nev. L.J. 513 (2010)

Elegy for Mrs. G: Mediating Losses at the End of Life, 23 Quinnipiac Prob. L. J. 411 (2010)

Baby Doe Regulations and Tragic Choices at the Bedside: Accepting the Limits of “Good Process”, 25 Ga. St. U. L. Rev. 1019 (2009)

Therapeutic Jurisprudence: Growing Up and Looking Forward, 30 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 345 (2008)

Proactive Ethics Consultation in the ICU:  A Comparison of Value Perceived by Healthcare Professionals and Recipients, 18 J. Clinical Ethics 140 (2007) (with Felicia Cohn, Paula Goodman-Crews, William Rudman, and Lawrence J. Schneiderman)

Restorative Justice and the Pre-conditions for Grace: Taking Victim’s Needs Seriously, 9 Cardozo J. Conflict Resol. 91 (2007)

Mediation at the End of Life: Getting Beyond the Limits of the Talking Cure, 23 Ohio St. J. on Disp. Resol. 143 (2007)

What Do We Tell the Children? 35 Cap. U. L. Rev. 517 (2006)

Cultural Priorities Revealed: The Development and Regulation of Assisted Reproduction in the United States and Israel, 16 Health Matrix  65 (2006)

Reconciliation and Forgiveness in Negotiation, in The Negotiator's Field Book (Honeyinan and Schneider)(2006)

Eyes Wide Shut: Erasing Women’s Experience from the Clinic to the Courtroom, 28 Harv J.L. & Gender (2005) (with Marybeth Herald)

The Concept of Justice in Mediation: A Psychobiography, 6 Cardozo J. Conflict Resol. 247 (2005)

San Diego Moveable Feast: Competition in Cooperation-Building (With Chris Honeyman, et al), 5 Cardozo J. of Conflict Resol. 173 (2004)

Healing Hearts or Righting Wrongs? A Meditation on the Goals of "Restorative Justice," 25 Hamline J. Pub. L. and Pol'y 355 (2004)

The Parent Trap: Uncovering the Myth of "Coerced Parenthood" in Frozen Embryo Disputes, 53 Am. U. L. Rev. 102 (2004)

Book Review, Peter, D. Jacobson, Strangers in the Night: Law and Medicine in the Managed Care Era (2002) 29 J. Health Pol. Pol'y & L. 1241 (2004)

Disputing Over Embryos: Of Contracts and Consents, 32 Ariz St. L.J. 897 (2000), reprinted in Rights and Resources 123 (Frances H. Miller, ed., Ashgate, 2003)

King Solomon in the Age of Assisted Reproduction, 24 T.Jefferson L. Rev. 217 (2002)

Credentialing Approaches: The Slow Movement Toward Skills-Based Testing Continues, Disp. Resol. Mag., Fall 2001, at 14-16, 21

Family Law Conundrums in Assisted Reproduction, 21 Whitter L. Rev. 451 (1999)

Therapeutic Jurisprudence/Preventive Law and Alternative Dispute Resolution: Substituting Needs for Rights in Mediation: Therapeutic or Disabling?, 5 Psych. Pub. Pol'y & L. 1103,1111-13 (1999)

Substituting Needs For Rights in Mediation: Therapeutic or Disabling?, 5 Psychol. Pub. Pol'y & L. 1103 (1999)

The Evaluative-Facilitative Debate in Mediation: Applying the Lens of Therapeutic Jurisprudence, 82 Marq. L. Rev. 155 (1998)

Identifying the Role of Social Norms in Mediation: A Multiple Model Approach, 48 Hastings L.J. 703 (1997)

The Challenge of Certification: How to Ensure Mediator Competence While Preserving Diversity, 30 U.S.F. L. Rev. 723 (1996)

Role of Legal Norms in Divorce Mediation: An Arguent for Inclusion, 1 Va. J. Soc. Pol'y & L. 87 (1993)

Forty Acres and a Lawsuit: Legal Claims for Reparations, in Race, Ethnicity, and Law 79-91 (Emerald Publishing Limited 2017)

The Unconscionable Impossibility of Reparations; or, Why the Master's Mules will Never Dismantle the Master's House, in Injury and Injustice: The Cultural Politics of Harm and Redress (David Engel ed., Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2017)

“The Divine Institution of Marriage”: A Short Overview of LDS Statements and Actions During the Proposition 8 Campaign, 26 J. C.R. & Econ. Dev. 705 (2013) 

From Radical to Practical (and Back Again?): Reparations, Rhetoric, and Revolution, 25 Journal of Civil Rights & Economic Development 697 (2011)

Too Big to Remedy? Rethinking Restitution for Slavery and Jim Crow, 44 Loy. L.A. L. Rev. 177 (2010)

The Church's Use of Secular Arguments, in Six Voices on Proposition 8: A Roundtable, 42 Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 99 (2009)

Apology Lite: Truths, Doubts, and Reconciliations in the Senate's Guarded Apology for Slavery, 42 Conn. L. Rev. 1 (2009)

United States v. Socony-Vaccuum,  Encyclopedia of the Supreme Court. (2008)

Reparations Within the Rule of Law, 29 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 231 (2007)

Causation and Attenuation in the Slavery Reparations Debate, 40 U.S.F. L. Rev. 279 (2006)

Slavery as a Takings Clause Violation, 53 Am. U. L. Rev. 191 (2003)

Nullificatory Juries, 2004 Wis. L. Rev. 1115 (2003) (with David A. Hoffman)

Indian Sovereignty, General Federal Laws, and the Canons of Construction: An Overview and Update, 6 American Indian L.J. (forthcoming 2017)

A Personal Perspective on Marriage, Time, Space, Uncertainty, and the Law, 2011 Mich. St. L. Rev. 229 (2011) available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1866530

Nationalizing the Bill of Rights: Scholarship and Commentary on the Fourteenth Amendment in 1867-73, 18 J. Contemp. Legal Issues 153 (2009), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1354404

How the Ninth Circuit Overruled a Century of Supreme Court Indian Jurisprudence--And Has So Far Gotten Away With It, 2008 Mich. St. L. Rev. 547 (2008), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1099683 cited in Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan v. National Labor Relations Board, 838 F. Supp. 2d 598, 607 n.1 (E.D. Mich. 2011)

A Reply to Professor Thomas, 68 Ohio St. L.J. 1659 (2007), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1019308

Federal Labor Law, Indian Sovereignty, and the Canons of Construction, 86 Or. L. Rev. 413 (2007), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=970590

Nationalizing the Bill of Rights: Revisiting the Original Understanding of the Fourteenth Amendment in 1866-67, 68 Ohio St. L. J. 1509 (2007), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=963487 cited in McDonald v. Chicago, 130 S. Ct. 3020, 3033 n.10 (2010) (opinion of the Court), and at 3072 n.10, 3073 n.12, and 3079 (concurring opinion)

American Indian Tribes Enter the New Millennium, 25 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 593 (2003) (reviewing Stephen L. Pevar, The Rights of Indians and Tribes 2002), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1027801

Fighting the Lone Wolf Mentality: Twenty-First Century Reflections on the Paradoxical State of American Indian Law, 38 Tulsa L. Rev. 113 (2002), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=480885

How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Slaughter-House Cases: An Essay in Constitutional-Historical Revisionism, 23 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 241 (2001), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1028183

Civil War Without End: The Sociology and Synergy of Law and History, 2001 U. Ill. L. Rev. 629 (2001) (reviewing Pamela Brandwein, Reconstructing Reconstruction: The Supreme Court and the Productionof Historical Truth (1999)), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1028188

Book Review, 16 J.L. & Relig. 743 (2001) (Brian Edward Brown, Religion, Law and the Land: Native Americans and the Judicial Interpretation of Sacred Land (1999)), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1027801

The Lost Compromise: Reassessing the Early Understanding in Court and Congress on Incorporation of the Bill of Rights in the Fourteenth Amendment, 61 Ohio St. L.J. 1051 (2000), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=229228

The Road to Twining: Reassessing the Disincorporation of the Bill of Rights, 61 Ohio St. L.J. 1457 (2000), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=229443

To Say “I Do”: Shahar v. Bowers, Same-Sex Marriage, and Public Employee Free Speech Rights, 15 Ga. St. U.L. Rev. 381 (1998), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=181790

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