Faculty Scholarship

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Thomas Jefferson School of Law’s faculty are prolific scholars. Their extraordinary level of productivity surpasses that of faculty at several longer established law schools in California and elsewhere.

Their books, articles and other works are in demand by universities and practitioners throughout the U.S., as well as internationally.

Their work appears in top legal journals and is frequently downloaded on the Social Science Research Network. (SSRN)

Explore their scholarship and see the expertise our faculty provides for our students. 

All Citations

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Comparative Criminal Procedure Through Film (Vandeplas 2015)


Evolving Transnational Cinematic Perspectives of Terrorism, 9 Perspectives on Terrorism 42-60 (2015), available at http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/418


The Potential of Transnational Cinema to Counter Islamic Extremism, 4 CTX JOURNAL 78 (2014), available at https://globalecco.org/the-moving-image-potential-of-transnational-cinema-to-counter-islamic-extremism

A Proposed Legislative Scheme to Solve the Mexican Immigration Problem, 2 San Diego Int'l L.J. 93 (2001)


Drones and Targeted Killing: Legal, Moral and Geopolitical Issues (2d ed. Olive Branch Press 2018)

Drones and targeted killing: legal, moral and geopolitical issues (with Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Richard Falk, Medea Benjamin, Tom Hayden, Phyllis Bennis, Jane Mayer, Ishai Menuchin, Alice Ross, Jay Stanley, and Harry van der Linden) (ed., Olive Branch Press 2015)

The United States and Torture: Interrogation, Incarceration, And Abuse (paperback) (NYU Press, 2012)

The United States and Torture: Interrogation, Incarceration and Abuse (Ed., NYU Press, 2011)

Rules Of Disengagement: The Politics And Honor Of Military Dissent (with Kathleen Gilberd) (PoliPoint Press, 2009)

Cowboy Republic: Six Ways the Bush Gang Has Defied the Law (PoliPointPress, 2007)

Cameras in The Courtroom: Television and the Pursuit of Justice (co-authored with David Dow) (Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1998), reprinted (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield 2002) and in Chinese translation (Taibei Shi : Shang zhou chu ban, 2002)


Contributing Editor (2004-2005), Truthout (published online, http://www.truthout.org)

Editor (1994-2004), Guild Practitioner (now National Lawyers Guild Review)

Contributing Editor (2000-present), Jurist: Legal Intelligence for an Educated Democracy (published online, http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/forum)


U.S. Exceptionalism: The Hubris That Fuels Wars, in War and Environment Reader 34 (Gar Smith ed., Just World Books 2017)

Weapons of War and Mass Destruction, in Preventing War and Promoting Peace: A Guide for Health Professionals 61 (with Pauline Lubens, Evan Kanter, Kaveh Khoshnood, Bandy X. Lee, Jurgen Brauer, Curtis Holland, Jean Grassman, Ira Helfand, Patrick Hiller, and John Schuford) (Cambridge University Press 2017)

Drones and the Human Right to Peace , Peace Rev. (with Jeanne Mirer) (2015)

Ferguson Prosecutor Manipulates Grand Jury Process to Shield Officer, 11 Police Misconduct & Civ. Rts. Law Report 1 (2015)

Arizona's Immigration Law Encourages Racial Profiling, in Racial Profiling 187 (with Earl Ofari Hutchinson, Tim Wise, William Covington, Kamalakar Duvvuru, Sahar Aziz, Coleen Rowley, James A. Kowalski, Jody Feder, Sameera Hafiz, and Donald Tomaskovic-Devey & Patricia Warren) (with Carol Ullmann and Lynn M. Zott ed., Greenhaven Press 2013)

Teaching Torture at the School of the Americas, 35 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 1 (2013)

Torture as Terrorism, in Weapon of the Strong: Conversations on U.S. State Terrorism 0 (Pluto Press 2012)

Training Torturers: The School of the Americas, in A World of Torture 0 (ACAT 2012)

Endless War Crimes by the US in Iraq, in Euro Paische Ideen, Crimes of the Empire 1 (with Robert Fisk, Ross Caputi, Giuliana Sgrena, Paul Craig Roberts, Bill Van Auken, John Pilger, Sean Penn, Uri Avnery, Ismail Haniyeh, and Ang Swee Chai) (A.W. Mytze, London 2012)

Racial Profiling Legalized in Arizona, 1 Colum. J. Race & L. 168 (2012)

Breeding Ground: Afghanistan and the Origins of Islamist Terrorism, 68 Guild Practicioner 189 (2011)

Advising Clients to Commit War Crimes With Impunity: An Unethical Practice, 10 Seattle J. Soc. Just. 249 (2011)

Trading Civil Liberties for Apparent Security Is a Bad Deal, in National Security, Civil Liberties, and The War on Terror 69 (M. Katherine B. Darmer & Richard D. Fybel, eds., 2011)

Colorblind Injustice: Roberts Court Violates Affirmative Action Mandates in Race Convention, 65 Guild Prac. 68 (2009)

Trading Civil Liberties for Apparent Security is a Bad Deal, 12 Chap. L. Rev. 615 (2009)

Peace Profile: Victor Rabinowitz, 20 Peace Rev. 398 (2008)

Let the Sun Shine on the Supreme Court, 35 Hastings Const. L.Q. 161 (2008)

Police Interrogation, How the Court Refused to Find That Torture Violates Due Process, in We Dissent: Talking Back to the Rehnquist Court. Eight Cases that Subverted Civil Liberties and Civil Rights, 152 (Michael Avery, ed., 2008)

Speech Upon Assuming the Presidency of the National Lawyers Guild, 63 Guild Practitioner 129 (2006)

The Gonzales Indictment, in In the Name of Democracy: American War Crimes in Iraq and Beyond 133 (Jeremy Brecher, Jill Cutler, and Brendan Smith, eds., Metropolitan/Holt 2005)

U.S. Coup D’Etat in Haiti, 61 Guild Practitioner 129 (2004)

United States Violation of International Law in Yugoslavia, Afghanistan, and Iraq, in Challenges of Multi-Level Constitutionalism 233 (Joakim Nergelius, Pasquale Policastro & Kenji Urata, eds., Polpress, 2004)

Resisting Equality: Why the United States Refuses to Ratify the Women's Convention, 26 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 15 (2004)

Close the Concentration Camp at Guantanamo, 76 Covert Action Quarterly (2004)

Oil: Weapon of Mass Destruction, 11 Bridges: An Interdisciplinary J Theology, Phil., Hist. & Science 1 (2004)

Human Rights: Casualty of the War on Terror, 25 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 317 (2004)

On Terrorism and National Liberation Struggles, 11 Intl'l Islamic Univ. Malaysia L.J. 297 (2003)

The Legal Profession: Looking Backward: The Evisceration of the Attorney-Client Privilege in the Wake of September 11, 2001, 71 Fordham L. Rev. 1233 (2003)

The Myth of Humanitarian Intervention in Kosovo, in Lessons of Kosovo: The Dangers of Humanitarian Intervention 121 (Aleksandar Jokic, ed., Broadview, 2003)

Affirmative Action and the Equality Principle in Human Rights Treaties: United States’ Violation of Its International Obligations, 43 Va. J. Int'l. L. 249 (2002)

Understanding, Responding to, and Preventing Terrorism, 24 Arab Studies Q. 25 (2002)

NATO Bombing of Kosovo: Humanitarian Intervention or Crime Against Humanity?, 15 Int. J. Semiot. Law 79 (2002)

Bombing of Afghanistan Is Illegal and Must Be Stopped, Int'l Rev. Contemporary L. 51 (special ed. 2002, Military Intervention in Afghanistan, The War on Terrorism: Violations of International Law)

Affirmative Action Mandates in U.S. International Legal Obligations, in Using the Law to Achieve Equality: A Report from the National Lawyers Guild-National Union of Cuban Jurists Seminar in Havana, Cuba 9 (Nat’l Lawyers Guild, 2002)

Criminal Law: Substantive Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure, in Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Social Sciences and Humanities: Law, § (co-authored with Steven Semeraro & Ruth B. Philips) (UNESCO-EOLSS, 2002) (published online at http://www.eolss.net)

The World Trade Organization: Elevating Property Interests Above Human Rights, 29 Ga. J. Int'l & Comp. L. 427 (2001)

Open-And-Shut: Senate Impeachment Deliberations Must Be Public, 51 Hastings L.J. 365 (2000)

The Politics of the Clinton Impeachment and the Death of the Independent Counsel Statute: Toward Depoliticization, 102 W. Va. L. Rev. 59 (1999)


The Use and Misuse of Physician Extenders: Aiding and Abetting the Unauthorized Practice of Medicine, 24 J. Legal Med. 249 (2003)

Other Scholarship



Intersexuality and the Law: Why Sex Matters (NYU Press, 2012)


The Legal Status of Intersex Persons in the United States, in The Legal Status of Intersex Persons: A Comparative International Analysis (Jens Scherpe ed., Intersentia, forthcoming 2017)

Law, Ethics, and Genital Cutting , in Female Genital Cosmetic Surgery: Interdisciplinary Analysis and Alternative Solutions (Lih-Mei Liao and Sarah Creighton ed., Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2017)

Legal, Ethical, and Human Rights Considerations for Physicians Treating Children with Atypical or Ambiguous Genitalia, 41 Seminars in Perinatology 252 (Ian Gross, Christopher Houk, and Peter Lee eds., 2017)

Unequal Protection for Sex and Gender Nonconformists, in CONTROVERSIES IN EQUAL PROTECTION CASES IN AMERICA 201 (Anne Richardson Oakes ed., Ashgate 2015)

Interacting with Individuals with an Intersex Condition in the Workplace, in Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation Discrimination in the Workplace 46-1 (Christine Duffy ed., BNA 2014)

Health Care Issues Affecting People with an Intersex Condition or DSD: Sex or Disability Discrimination, 45 Loy. L.A. L. Rev. 849 (2012), available at http://digitalcommons.lmu.edu/llr/vol45/iss3/5/

Beyond the Binary: What Can Feminists Learn From Intersex and Transgender Jurisprudence?, 17 Mich. J. Gender & L. 13 (with Marybeth Herald and Mark Strasser, 2010)

Intersex: Practice, Theory and Activism (with Sarah M. Creighton, Katrina Roen, and Del LaGrace Volcano) in Intersex and After, 15 GLQ 249 (Iain Morland ed., Duke University Press 2009)

The Road Less Traveled: An Interdisciplinary and Cross-Cultural Analysis of Binary Sex Categories, in Transgender Rights 51 (Paisley Currah, Richard M Juang, Shannon Minter eds., Univ. of Minnesota Press 2006)

Intersex and Intrasex Debates: Building Alliances to Challenge Sex Discrimination, 12 Cardozo J. of L. And Gender 99 (2006)

International Legal Developments Protecting the Autonomy Rights of Sexual Minorities, in Ethics and Intersex 87 (Sharon Systma ed., Spriger 2006)

You Can’t Take it With You: Constitutional Consequences of Interstate Gender Identity Rulings, 80 Wash. L. Rev. 819 (with Marybeth Herald) (2005)

When Is a Same-Sex Marriage Legal? Full Faith and Credit and Sex Determination, 38 Creighton L. Rev. 289 (2005)

Because of Sex, San Diego Lawyer, 50 (Nov./Dec. 2004)

Gender Nonconformity: A Comprehensive Theoretical Approach to Break Down the Maternal Wall and End Discrimination Against Gender Benders - Commentary on Keynote Speaker Joan Williams's "Beyond the Glass Ceiling," 26 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 37 (2003)

Legal Aspects of Gender Assignment, 13 Endocrinologist 276 (2003)

Definitional Dilemmas: Male or Female? Black or White? The Law's Failure to Recognize Intersexuals and Multiracials, in Gender Nonconformity, Race, and Sexuality: Charting the Connections 102 (Toni Lester, ed., Wisconsin Univ. Press, 2002)

What Do Scalia and Thomas Really Think About Sex? Title VII and Gender Nonconformity Discrimination: Protection for Transsexuals, Intersexuals, Gays, and Lesbians, 24 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 149 (2002)

Deconstructing Binary Race and Sex Categories: A Comparison of the Multiracial and Transgendered Experience, 39 San Diego L. Rev. 917 (2002)

When Is a Man a Man and When Is a Woman a Woman?, 52 Fla. L. Rev. 745 (2000)

Defining Male and Female: Intersexuality and the Collision Between Law and Biology, 41 Ariz. L. Rev. 265 (1999)

Reconceptualizing Preconception Torts, 64 Tenn. L. Rev. 315 (1997)

Negligent Infliction of Emotional Distress: A Proposal for a Consistent Theory of Tort Recovery of Bystanders and Direct Victims, 19 Pepp. L. Rev. 1283 (1992)


Advanced Negotiation and Mediation Theory and Practice: A Realistic Integrated Approach (with Paul J. Zwier) (2d ed. National Institute for Trial Advocacy 2016)

Trial Practice (with Michael W. Martin, Paul Radvany, and Lawrence Dubin) (2d ed. LexisNexis 2014)

Problems and Simulations in Evidence (with Teacher's manual) (4th ed. Lexis Nexis 2010)

Problems and Simulations in Evidence (3d ed. Lexis Nexis 2004)

Special Education Law (with Kathe Klare) (2d ed. Carolina Academic Press 2001)

Admissibility of Evidence in Virginia (with Joseph S. Tate and Ronald J. Bacigal) (2d ed. Harrison Co. 1998)

A Practical Guide to Negotiation (National Institute for Trial Advocacy 1996)

Virginia Evidence with Objections (National Institute for Trial Advocacy 1995)

Problems and Simulations in Evidence (2d ed. Lexis Nexis 1995)

Special Education Law (with Kathe Klare) (Carolina Academic Press 1993)

Virginia Evidence (Harrison Co 1992)

Admissibility of Evidence in Virginia (with Ronald J. Bacigal) (Harrison Co. 1990)


Anti-Law School Narratives and impediments to Reform of Legal Education: The NFL and Other Things, 45 J.L. & Educ. 539 (2016)

Beware of Navel Oranges, 34 U. Tol. L. Rev. 81 (2002)

Negocjacje: Teoria Praktyka I Nauka [Negotiation: Theory, Practice and Teaching], Edukacja Prawnicza (1999) (Pol.).

Patient-Psychotherapist Privilege: Access to Clinical Records in the Tangled Web of Repressed Memory Litigation, 30 U. Rich. L. Rev. 109 (with Elizabeth F. Loftus and John R. Paddock) (1996)

Drug Therapy for Persons with Development Disabilites: Litigation and Legislation, 12 Clinical Psychology Review 665 (with Nirbhay N. Singh and Cynthia R. Ellis) (1992)

The Church, the State, and the EHA: Educating The Handicapped in Light of the Establishment Clause, 73 Marq. L. Rev. 259 (with M. Grey Sweeney) (1990)

When the Teachers and Parents can't agree, Who Really Decides? Burdens of Proof and Standards of Review under the Education for all Handicapped Children Act, 36 Clev. St. L. Rev. 67 (1988)

The School Pays the Piper, but How Much? Attorneys Fees in Special Education Cases after the Handicapped Children's Protection Act of 1986, 23 Wake Forest L. Rev. 237 (1988)

Toward a Unified Approach to Privileges and Relevancy, 17 Mem. St. U. L. Rev. 1 (1986)

The Mentally Retarded and Private Restrictive Covenants, 25 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 421 (1984)

Truthfulness in Negotiation, 17 U. Rich. L. Rev. 99 (1982)

The Psychotherapist-Patient Privilege in Child Placement: A Relevancy Analysis, 26 Vill. L. Rev. 955 (1981)

Constitutionality of Presumptions on Receiving Stolen Property, 21 Wayne L. Rev. 1437 (1975)


Issue Editor, Natural Resources & Environment Volume 28:2 (Fall 2013), 28:1 ABA Natural Resources & Environment  (2013) (with Laurie Ristino)

Issues Editor (2002-present), Natural Resources & Environment (American Bar Ass’n Section of Environment, Energy and Resources)


The Buzz: EU Steps Up on Bee Protections, 32 Nat. Resources & Env't 52 (2017)

Make Them Cry: Using Public Service Announcements to Teach Environmental Law, in Teaching Law With Popular Culture (Christine Corcos ed., Carolina Academic Press, forthcoming 2017)

Strategic Dodging of ESA Listing Determinations, 29 Natural Resources and Environment 54 (2015)

TSCA, the Anti-TSCA & TSCA Reform, 28 Natural Resources and Environment 53 (2014)

Hubris and Humility in Environmental Law, 2 Geo. Wash. J. Energy & Envtl. L. (2011)

Educating the Next Generation of Environmental Lawyers, 25 Nat. Resources & Env’t. 52 (2010)

A NEPA-Climate Paradox: Taking Greenhouse Gases into Account in Threshold Significance Determinations, 42 Ind. L. Rev. 47 (2009)

A Least Bad Approach for Interpreting ESA Stealth Provisions, 32 Wm. & Mary Env. L. & Pol'y Rev. 427 (2008)

Is the Atmosphere Half Empty or Half Full?, 22 Natural Resources & Env. 52 (Spring 2008)

Little NEPAs Take on Climate Goliath, 23 Natural Resources & Env. 40 (Fall 2008)

Vantage Point, 22 Natural Resources & Env. (Fall 2007)

Fishery Conservation and Management Reauthorization Act: A for Effort, 21 Natural Resources & Env. 52 (Spring 2007)

The National Park Service Management Policies Controversy, 20 Natural Resources & Env. 68 (Spring 2006)

Vantage Point, 19 Natural Resources & Env. (Winter 2005), with Arnold Lum

Wetlands Turnabout, 18 Natural Resources & Env. 62 (Spring 2004)

Threatened Extinction of the Plain Vanilla Rule?: The Emergence of Complex 4(d) Rules and Local Government Response, 16 Natural Resources & Env. 78 (2001)

The Puget Sound Salmon 4(d) Rule, in the American Bar Association, Endangered Species Committee Newsletter (November 1999)

The Statewide Strategy to Recover Salmon: A Work in Progress, Washington State Bar Association Environment & Land Use Law Newsletter (Winter 1999)

Brownfields: Where the Market Makes Green, Natural Resources & Env. 345 (1998), with Bridgen and Lee

Special Committee on Climate Change and Sustainable Development 1997 Annual Report, Natural Resources, Energy, and Environmental Law: The Year in Review (1997), with Kosloff, Hodas, Fang, Miller, Goldberg and Kirkpatrick

The Future of Environmental Law and Regulation, a background paper for Thinking Ecologically: The Next Generation of Environmental Law and Policy, Yale Univ. Press (1997)

Land Use: So You Really Think You Can Get This Project Approved, written for a legal education seminar sponsored by the King County Bar Assoc. & the Univ. of Washington Law School (1997)

New Source Review and BACT, written with R. Macfarlane for a legal education seminar on the Clean Air Act, Seattle, Washington (1993)

New Federal CFC Labeling Regulations, Environmental Litigation and Practice Group Update (June 1993)


Radicalized Risk Assessment, 36 Behavioral Sciences & the Law 610 (2018)

Why Pornography is Not Prostitution: Folk Theories of Sexuality in the Law of Vice , 60 St. Louis U. L.J. 243 (2016), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2959972

Excuses in Exile, 48 U. Mich. J.L. Reform 437 (2014), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2959922

Objectifying And Identifying In The Theory Of Excuse, 39 Am. J. Crim. L. 175 (2012), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2959883

Powerful Particulars: The Real Reason The Behavioral Sciences Threaten Criminal Responsibility, 37 Fla. St. L. Rev. 3 (2010), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2959892

Schematic Psychology and Criminal Responsibility, 83 St. John's Law Rev. 565 (2009), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2959882

Does Situationist Psychology Have Radical Implications For Criminal Responsibility?, 59 Ala. L. Rev. 611 (2008), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2959950

The Secret Politics of the Compatibilist Criminal Law, 55 Kan. L. Rev. (2007), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=979421

Resurrecting the Causal Theory of the Excuses, 83 Neb L. Rev. 1116 (2005), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=598543

Dangerous Places: The Right to Self-Defense in Prison and Prison Conditions Jurisprudence, 63 U. Chi. L. Rev. 693 (1996), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2959970


The Continuing Peace with Justice Debate: Recent Events in Uganda and the International Criminal Court, 48 U. of Pac. L. Rev. 265 (2017) Download a PDF version of the article

The Impact of States Parties’ Reservations to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, 2014 Mich. St. L. Rev. 309 (2014) Download a PDF version of the article

Comparing the Interests of Justice: What the International Criminal Court Can Learn from New York Law, 12 Wash. U. Glob. Stud. L. Rev. 1 (2013) Download a PDF version of the article.

The Practice of the International Criminal Court: Comments on "The Complementarity Conundrum", 8 Santa Clara J. Int'l L. 199 (2010) Download a PDF version of the article.

Using International Human Rights Law in U.S. Courts: Lessons from the Campaign against the Juvenile Death Penalty, in What is Right for Children?: The Competing Paradigms of Religion and Human Rights (Martha Fineman & Karen Worthington, eds., 2009)

The False Dichotomy of Peace versus Justice and the International Criminal Court, 3 Hague Justice Journal No. 1 (2008)  Download a PDF version of the article.

Achieving Peace with Justice: The International Criminal Court and Ugandan Alternative Justice Mechanisms, 23 Conn. J. Int'l L. 209 (2008)  Download a PDF version of the article.

Alternatives to Miranda: Preventing Coerced Confessions via the Convention Against Torture, 10 Chapman L. Rev. 745 (2007)

Seeking Justice at the International Criminal Court: Victims' Reparations, 29 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 189 (2007) Download a PDF version of the article.

Is Truth Serum Torture?, 20 Am. U. Int'l L. Rev. 521 (2005) Download a PDF version of the article.

The Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women: Evolution and (Non)Implementation Worldwide, 27 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 35 (2005)

The American Rejection of Economic Rights as Human Rights and the Declaration of Independence: Does the Pursuit of Happiness Require Basic Economic Rights?, 19 N.Y.L. Sch. J. Hum. Rts. 557 (2003)

Other Scholarship


Beyond the Rhetoric: What It Means to Lead in a Diverse and Unequal World, 71 STAN. L. REV. ONLINE 110 (2018)

Introduction to Emotions at Work: The Employment Relationship in an Age of Anxiety, 19 Em. Rts. & Emp. Pol'y J. 43 (2015), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2971603

The Future of Workplace Affirmative Action After Fisher, 89 St. John's L. Rev. 597 (2015), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2971618

Judging Judges: Empathy as the Litmus Test for Impartiality, 82 U. Cin. L. Rev. 145 (2013), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2460626

Sonia Sotomayor: Role Model of Empathy and Ambition (reviewing SONIA SOTOMAYOR: MY BELOVED WORLD (2013)), 98 Minn. L. Rev. Headnotes 33 (2013), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2460601

Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin: Promoting Full Judicial Review and Process In Applying Strict Scrutiny, 4 Hous. L. Rev. HLRe 33 (2013), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2460593

Justice for All?, (reviewing Judith Resnik & Dennis Curtis, Representing Justice: Invention, Controversy, and Rights in City-States and Democratic Courtrooms (2011)), 65 Vand. L. Rev. En Banc (reviewing Judith Resnik & Dennis Curtis, Representing Justice: Invention, Controversy, and Rights in City 217 (2012), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2191310

Implementing Grutter's Diversity Rationale: Diversity and Empathy in Leadership, 19 Duke J. Gender L. & Pol'y 133 (2011), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2101573.

Core Diversity, 19 Temp. Pol. & Civ. Rts. L. Rev. 477 (2010), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1668107.

The Organization as a Gendered Entity: A Response to Professor Schultz's The Sanitized Workplace, 15 Colum. J. Gender & L. 609 (2006), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=983431.

Assimilation at the Cost of Authenticity, 15 Asian Am. Pol'y Rev. 59 (2006) (reviewing Kenji Yoshino, Covering: The Hidden Assault on our Civil Rights (2006)), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2971611.

Pink, White, and Blue: Class Assumptions in the Judicial Interpretations of Title VII Hostile Environment Sex Harassment, 70 Brook. L. Rev. 677 (2005), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=876362.

Romantic and Electronic Stalking in a College Context, 4 Wm. & Mary J. Women & L. 373 (1998), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2971614.


Natural Law, Positive Law, and Conflicting Social Norms in Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird, 32 N.C. Cent. School L. Rev. 162 (2010)   Download a PDF of the article.

Ariadne's Thread: Leading Students Into and Out of the Labyrinth of The Rule Against Perpetuities, 54 Clev. St. L. Rev. 337 (2006)

Charles Dickens’ Bleak House: Mr. Tulkinghorn as a Successful Literary Lawyer, 14 St. Thomas L. Rev. 689 (2002)

The Landlord/Tenant Free Exercise Conflict in a Post-RFRA World, 29 Rutgers L.J. 487 (1998)

The Price of Landlord's "Free" Exercise of Religion: Tenant's Right to Discrimination-Free Housing and Privacy, 22 Fordham Urb. L.J. 699 (1995)


Towards a More Coherent Doctrine of Trade Mark Genericism and Functionality: Focusing on Fair Competition, 27 Fordham Intell. Prop. Media & Ent. L.J. 691 (2017)

The Myth and Reality of Dilution, Duke L. & Tech. Rev. (2012)

The Thirteenth Amendment as a Model for Revolution, 35 Vt. L. Rev. 765 (2011)

Pharmaceutical Counterfeiting and the Puzzle of Remedies, 8 Wake Forest Intell. Prop. L.J. 433 (2008)

IP Remedies after Ebay: Assessing the Impact on Trademark Law, 2 Akron Intell. Prop. J. 163 (2008)

Confronting the Genericism Conundrum, 28 Cardozo L. Rev. 1789 (with Deven R. Desai, 2007)

Comstock Act (1873), in 1 Major Acts of Congress 166 (Brian K. Landsberg, ed. Macmillan Reference USA: Thomson/Gale 2004)

Race and Gender Discrimination: A Historical Case For Equal Treatment Under the Fourteenth Amendment, 1 Duke J. Gender L. & Pol'y 89 (1994)


The International Legal System: Cases and Materials (with Mary Ellen O'Connell, Naomi Roht-Arriaza, and Daniel Bradlow) (7th ed. Foundation Press 2015)

The Law of the European Union (with Alain Levasseur, Christine Corcos, Arnaud Raynouard, and Joel Moneger) (2d ed. Carolina Academic Press 2013)

The International Legal System, Cases and Materials (with Mary Ellen O’Connell and Naomi Roht-Arriaza) (Foundation Press, 6th ed., 2010)

European Economic Law and Common Policies (with Alain A. Levasseur, Arnaud Raynouard, Artemis Togoussidou-Meletis) (Carolina Academic Press, 2006)

The Law of the European Union: A New Constitutional Order, Volume II (with Alain A. Levasseur, Arnoud Raynouard and Melchior Wathalet, Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2006)

European Economic Law and Common Policies (with Alain A. Levasseur, Arnaud Raynouard, Artemis Togoussidou-Meletis) (Carolina Academic Press, 2006)

The International Legal System: Cases and Materials (with Christopher L. Blakesley, Edwin B. Firmage, and Sharon A. Williams) (with Documentary Supplement) (Foundation, 5th ed. 2001)

Cases And Materials on the International Legal System (with Oliver, Firmage, Blakesley and Williams, New York: Foundation, 4th ed. 1995)

The History of the International Energy Agency, Volume I, (OECD Paris, 1994), Volumes II and III, (OECD, 1995)


Member, Editorial Board (1988-present), Journal of Energy and Natural Resources Law

Contributing Editor (1985-present), International Legal Materials (American Society of International Law)


Oil Supply, Oil Security, and Environmental Objectives in International Law, in Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Institutional and Infrastructural Resources: The Role of International Law and Institutions, § (UNESCO-Eolss, 2002) (published online, http://www.eolss.net)

The IEA: Beyond the First Twenty Years, 13 J. Energy & Nat. Resources L. 239 (1995)

Settlement of Disputes Within the IEA Oil Emergency Sharing System, 19 St. Mary's L.J. 897 (1988)

Role of the IEA in World Energy Supplies, 3 Hous. J. Int'l L. 101 (1980)

Innovation in International Organization: The International Energy Agency, 1 Hastings Int'l & Comp. L. Rev. 1 (1977)


An Introduction to Property Law in the U.S. (2d ed. Semaphore Press 2018)

Antitrust Law: A Context and Practice Casebook (Carolina Academic Press 2015)


Assessing the Competitive Effects of Surcharging Payment Mechanisms, 26 U. Miami Bus. L. Rev. 29 (2018)

Partisan Gerrymandering: Is There No Shame in It or Have Politicians Become Shameless, 48 Memphis L. Rev. (forthcoming 2017)

Interpreting the Constitution's Elegant Specificities, 65 Buff. L. Rev. 547 (2017)

Settlement Without Consent: Assessing the Credit Card Merchant Fee Class Action, 2015 Colum. Bus. L. Rev. 186 (2015)

Worse Than the Tower of Babel?: Remedying Antitrust’s False Dichotomy Through De Novo Appellate Review, 5 Wm. & Mary Bus. L. Rev. 413 (2014)

Should the eBooks Case Presage the Decline of the Per Se and Market Share Doctrines , 35 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 15 (2013) (previously published in a slightly different form at CPI Antitrust Chronicle 1 (June 2012))

Assessing the Costs & Benefits of Credit Card Rewards: A Response to Who Gains and Who Loses from Credit Card Payments? Theory and Calibrations, 25 Consumer L. Rev. (2013)

Property’s End: Does Competition Policy Limit the Right of Publicity?, 43 Conn. L. Rev. 753 (2011)

Should Antitrust Condemn Tying Arrangements that Increase Price Without Restraining Competition: Responding to Einer Elhauge Tying, Bundled Discounts, and the Death of the Single Monopoly Profit Theory, 123 Harv. L. Rev. F. 30 (2009)

Is the National Football League a ‘Single Entity’ Incapable of Conspiring Under the Sherman Act?: The Supreme Court Will Decide, 32 Th. Jefferson L. Rev. 1 (2009)

Credit Card Interchange Fees: Debunking Six Myths, 7 The ICFAI U. J. of Banking Law 8 (2009)

Are Professional Sports Leagues Single Entities Incapable of Conspiring in Violation of the Sherman Act?: The Supreme Court Ponders Whether to Decide the Issue in American Needle v. NFL, 5 GPC at http://www.globalcompetitionpolicy.org/index.php?&id=1704 &action=907 (May 2009)

The Economic Benefits of Credit Card Merchant Restraints: A Response to Adam Levitin, 56 U.C.L.A. L. Rev. Discourse 25 (2009)

The Antitrust Economics (and Law) of Surcharging Credit Card Transactions, 14 Stan. J.L. Bus. & Fin. 343 (2009)

The Reverse-Robin-Hood-Cross-Subsidy Hypothesis: Do Credit Card Systems Effectively Tax the Poor to Reward the Rich?, 40 Rutgers L.J. 419 (2009)

Sweet Land of Property?: The History, Symbols, Rhetoric, and Theory Behind the Ordering of the Rights to Liberty and Property in the Constitutional Lexicon, 60 S.C. L. Rev. 1 (2008)

Credit Card Interchange Fees: Debunking Six Myths, Banking and Financial Services Pol’y Rep. (2008)

Credit Card Interchange Fees: Three Decades of Antitrust Uncertainty, 14 Geo. Mason L Rev. 941 (2007)

Enforcing Fourth Amendment Rights Through Federal Habeas Corpus, 58 Rutgers L. Rev. 983 (2006) reprinted in Habeas Corpus Theory & Practice (ed. G. Chandana 2008) and reprinted in abridged form 34 Search & Seizure L. Rep. 49 (2007)

Two Theories of Habeas Corpus, 71 Brooklyn L. Rev. 1233 (2006)

Reconfirming Habeas Corpus (Published online on H-Law (January, 2004), http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=8755), (reviewing Eric M Freedman, Habeas Corpus: Rethinking the Great Writ of Liberty (2001)), reprinted in 27 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 317 (2005)

A Reasoning Process Review Model for Federal Habeas Corpus, 94 J. Crim. L. & Criminology 897 (2004)

Forced Sharing, Efficiency, and Fairness: An Examination of the Essence of Antitrust, 52 Kan. L. Rev. 57 (2003)

Speta on Antitrust and Local Competition Under the Telecommunications Act: A Comment Respecting the Accommodation of Antitrust and Telecom Regulation, 71 Antitrust L.J. (2003)

An Essay on Property Rights in Milestone Homerun Baseballs, 56 So. Meth. U.L. Rev. 2281 (2003)

The Antitrust-Telecom Connection, 40 San Diego L. Rev. A. 555 (2003)

Regulating Information Platforms: The Convergence to Antitrust, 1 J. On Telecomm. & High Tech. L. 143 (2002)

Responsibility in Capital Sentencing, 39 San Diego L. Rev. 79 (2002)

From Blueprints to Baseball: A Survey of Current Baseball Stadium Financing Projects – San Diego, 34 Urban Lawyer 389 (2002)

Criminal Law: Substantive Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure, in Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Social Sciences and Humanities: Law, § (UNESCO-Eolss, 2002) (published online, http://www.eolss.net) (with Marjorie Cohn & Ruth B. Philips)

Telecommunications Law: The United States Model for Economic Regulation of Telecommunications Providers, in Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Social Sciences and Humanities: Law, § (UNESCO-Eolss, 2002) (published online, http://www.eolss.net)

Demystifying Antitrust State Action Doctrine, 24 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 203 (2000)

Abortion Clinic Protest and the First Amendment, 8 St. Louis U. Pub. L. Rev. 221 (1993)

The Process of Death: Reflections on Capital Punishment Issues in the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals, 66 Denv. L. Rev. 563 (1989)

Distinguishing International From Domestic Predation: A New Approach To Predatory Dumping, 23 Stan. J. Int'l. L. 621 (1987)

Toward An Optimal System of Successor Liability For Hazardous Waste Cleanup, 6 Stan. Envtl. L.J. 226 (1987)

Other Scholarship


Federal Civil Procedure e-book (Vol. 2, 2015) (TJSL 2015)

O'Connor's California Practice: Civil Pre-Trial (David Levine and Michol O'Connor ed. Jones-McClure 2015)

CASES AND MATERIALS ON CALIFORNIA CIVIL PROCEDURE (with David Levine and Rochelle Shapell (Hastings)) (5th ed. West,2015) and Instructor’s Manual, and Course Web Page http://www.tjsl.edu/slomansonb/CalCivPro.html )  

Federal Civil Procedure e-Book (Vol. 1, Fall 2014) (TJSL 2014)

California Civil Procedure in a Nutshell (5th ed. West 2014)

Federal Civil Procedure e-Book www.tjsl.edu/slomansonb/FedCivPro4_e-book (TJSL-2013)

O’Connor’s California Practice: Civil Pre-trial 2014 (with David Levine and Michol O’Connor ed., 4th ed. Jones-McClure, 2014)

O’Connor’s California Practice: Civil Pretrial 2012 (Jones McClure 2012)

Teacher's Manual for Cases and Materials on California Civil Procedure (with David I. Levine and Rochelle Shapell) (Thomson West, 4th ed. 2011)

California Civil Procedure in a Nutshell (4th ed. West 2011)

O'Connor's California Practice: Civil Pre-trial 2011 (with co-editors Julie Capell, David Levine, and Michol O'Connor) (JonesMcClure, 2011) 

Fundamental Perspectives on International Law (Thomson Wadsworth, 6th ed. 2010)

California Civil Procedure in a Nutshell (Thomson West, 3rd ed. 2008)

Cases and Materials on California Civil Procedure (with David I. Levine and Rochelle Shapell) (with Teacher’s Manual) (Thomson West, 3d ed. 2008) (Course Web Page online at www.tjsl.edu/slomansonb/CalCivPro.html)

Fundamental Perspectives on International Law (Belmont, CA:Thomson, 5th ed. 2006)

California Civil Procedure in a Nutshell (with online supplements and Instructor’s Manual) (Thomson-West, 2d ed. 2006)

Cases and Materials on California Civil Procedure (with David I. Levine, C. Keith Wingate & Rochelle Wirshup) (with online supplements and Instructor’s Manual) (Thomson-West, 2d ed. 2005). (with online supplements)

Historical Development of Arbitration and Adjudication, in Fundamental Perspectives on International Law 384 (West, 4th ed. 2002) reprinted in L'Histoire en Droit International 277 (Univ. Miskolc Press, 2004)

Fundamental Perspectives on International Law (with online supplements and Instructor’s Manual) (Thomson-West, 4th ed. 2003).  (with online supplements)

Fundamental Perspectives on International Law (with Instructor’s Manual) (Boston: West, 3d ed. 1999)

California Civil Practice Handbook: The Choice Between State and Federal Courts, (with Supplement) (St. Paul, MN: West, 1994, 1996)

Fundamental Perspectives on International Law (with Instructor’s Manual) (St. Paul: West, 2d ed. 1995)

California Civil Procedure in a Nutshell (with Keith Wingate-Hastings) (Thomson West, 1992)

Cases and Materials on California Civil Procedure (with Instructor’s Manual) (with David I. Levine, C. Keith Wingate & Rochelle Wirshup) (Thomson-West, 1991)

Fundamental Perspectives on International Law (St. Paul: West, 1990)

International Business Bibliography (Buffalo, NY: Hein, 1989)


Editor, American Society of International Law UN21 (Newsletter #44) (2012) (published online, http://www.asil.org/un21)

American Society of International Law, UN21 Newsletter, Issue #42 (Aug. 2011), available at www.asil.org, click Membership, Interest Groups, Interest Group Documents

Member, Editing Council, Ukrainian Y.B. Int’l L., Kiev National Shevchenko University (2009-present)

Corresponding Editor, ASIL Int’l Legal Materials (2008-present)

Editor, American Society of International Law UN21 Newsletter, Issue #36, January 2007, Hosted by Cornell Law School, Available online

Member, Editorial Board, Miskolc J. Int’l L. (Hungary) (published online, http://www.uni-miskolc.hy/~wwwdrint/mjil1.htm) (2004-present)

Editor (1992 - present), UN21 Newsl. (Am. Soc'y Int'l L./UN21 Int. Group, Washington, DC), Oct. 2012 (published online, http://www.asil.org/un21)

Editor, American Society of International Law, UN21 Section Newsletter, (1992-present)


Second Amendment: The Dozen Yardsticks or Measuring its Scope, 34 CALIFORNIA LITIGATION REPORTER (forthcoming 2021)

California-Federal Procedural Contrast: A Proposal, 327 Federal Rules Decisions 1301 (2018)

Blue Book Rhapsody, 66 J. Legal Educ. 696 (2017)

Crimean Secession in International law, in Hungarian Yearbook of International and European Law, Vol. 3 303 (Eleven International Publishing 2015)

Introductory Note to Georgia v. Russian Federation: 2014 ECHR Judgment Regarding the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, 53 Int’l Legal Materials 810 (2014)

Blended Learning: A Flipped Classroom Experiment, 64 J. Legal Educ. 93 (2014)

Unilateral Secession in a Multipolar World (Introductory Remarks), 107 American Society of Int'l Law Proc. 211 (2014)

Nagorno Karabakh: An Alternative Legal Approach to its Quest for Legitimacy, 9 Miskolc J.I.L. 69 (2012), available at http://www.uni-miskolc.hu/~wwwdrint/mjil18/20121slomanson1.pdf

Pouring Skills Content into Doctrinal Bottles, 61 J. Legal Educ. 683 (ed., 2012)

Palestinian Statehood: A Secessionist Dialogue, 8 Miskolc J. Int'l L. 1 (2011)

Legitimacy of the Kosovo, South Ossetia and Abkhazia Secessions: Violations in Search of a Rule, 6 Miskolc J. Int’l L. 1 (2009), available at http://www.uni-miskolc.hu/~www.drint/mjil14/20092slomanson1.pdf, updated version available at http://slomanson.tjsl.edu/2.4_Secession_Legitimacy_Slomanson.pdf; reprinted in 3 Ukrainian Y.B. Int’l L. (2010)

American Judges against Judicial Independence, 11 Ukrainian J. Int’l L. 29 (2008)

Tunkin Centenary Symposium - Alien Detainee Cases and Responsive Legislation: United States Balance of Power Struggle Between the President and Congress versus the Supreme Court, 11 Sudebnik 711 (2007)

Practice and Pleading: Choosing State or Federal Procedure, 27 California Lawyer 37 (published online) (Jan. 2007)

International Humanitarian Law Symposium--Alien Detainee Cases and Responsive Legislation: U.S. Balance of Power Struggle between the President and Congress versus the Supreme Court, 15 Ukrainian J. Int'l L. 23 (2006)

Historical Development of Arbitration and Adjudication, in Fundamental Perspectives on International Law 384 (West, 4th ed. 2002) reprinted in L’Histoire en Droit International 277 (Univ. Miskolc Press, 2004)

State Civil Procedure Elective Plea, 54 J. Legal Educ. 235 (2004)

Legal Scholarship Blueprint, 50 J. Legal Educ. 431 (2000)

Electronic Lawyering and the Academy, 48 J. Legal Educ. 216 (1998)

Fundamental Perspectives On International Law and Instructor's Manual (2d ed.) (St. Paul, MN: West, 1995)

Right to War?, 1 Moscow J. Int'l L. 5 (English-language version 1995) (with Adam Lopatka, Chief Judge, Polish Supreme Court; Yuri Kolosov, Chair, Int'l Law Dept., State Inst. of Int'l Relations, Moscow)

Articulas Interruptus: Forbearing Footnote Folly, 12 Legal References Services Q. 87 (1993)

Book Review, The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation (15th ed.), 42 J. Legal Educ. 147 (1992)

A Uniform System of Citation (13th ed.), 68 A.B.A. J. 735 (1992)

Intro to Law: First Year Survival, 11 Legal Ref. Serv. Q. 185 (1991)

Do's and Taboos for Making Law Review: A Law Student's Compass , 11 Criminal Justice Journal 489 (1989)

Do's and Taboos with Law Reviews, 8 Legal Ref. Serv. Q. 225 (1988)

U.S. Supreme Court Position and the Hague Evidence Convention, 37 Int'l & Comp. L.Q. 391 (1988)

Registered Foreign Legal Consultant: The Nonlawyer Lawyer, 34 Dicta 23 (1987)

Registered Foreign Legal Consultant: The Nonlawyer Lawyer, 34 Dicta (San Diego County Bar Journal), Apr. 1987, at 23

Footnote Logic in Law Review Writing: Previously Unaddressed in the Criminal Justice System, 9 Criminal Justice Journal 65 (1986)

International Service of Summons: New Statutory Application of the Hague Service Treaty, 8 Los Angeles Lawyer 38 (1986)

Civil Action for Return of Property: "Anomalous" Federal Jurisdiction in Search of Justification, 62 Denv. U. L. Rev. 741 (1985)

Civil Actions Against Interpol: A Field Compass, 57 Temple L. Q. 553 (1984)

Current American Legal Citations (2d ed.), 52 Fordham L. Rev. 428 (1984)

Dismissal for Failure to Serve and Return Summons in State and Federal Courts in California, 19 Cal. W. L. Rev. 1 (1982)

Supplementation of Discovery Responses in Federal Civil Procedure, 17 San Diego L. Rev. 233 (1980)

Real Property Unrelated to Claim: Due Process for Quasi in Rem Jurisdiction?, 83 Dickinson L. Rev. 51 (1978)

Emergence of the "Tender Years" Doctrine: Too Young to Drink but Capable of Escaping the Civil Consequences?, 5 Pepp. L. Rev. 1 (1977)

I.C.J. Damages: Tort Remedy for Failure to Punish or Extradite International Terrorists, 5 Cal. W. Int'l L.J. 121 (1975)

Foreign Legal Consultant: Multistate Model for Business and the Bar, 39 Alb. L. Rev. 199 (1975)

Judicial Review of War Renunciation in the Naganuma Nike Case: Juggling the Constitutional Crisis in Japan, 9 Cornell Int'l L.J. 24 (1975)

Free Transit in Territorial Straits: Jurisdiction on an Even Keel?, 3 Cal. W. Int'l L.J. 375 (1973)


Contracts: A Modern Coursebook (Wolters Kluwer 2017)


Social Security Reform: The Politics of the Payroll Tax, 32 Quinnipiac L. Rev. 1 (2013)

Chinese Reverse Mergers, Accounting Regimes, and the Rule of Law in China, 34 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 119 (2011)

Social Security Reform: Should the Retirement Age be Increased?, 89 OR. L. REV. 1179 (2011)

Social Security: Are Sovereign Wealth Funds a Model for Reform?, 35 FORDHAM INT'L L.J. 98 (2011)

The Government Shareholder: Regulating Public Ownership of Private Enterprise, 62 Admin. L. Rev. 1127 (2010)

The Marriage Contract in Fine Art, 30 N. Ill. U. L. Rev. 45 (2009)

The Public Trust in Private Hands: Social Security and the Politics of Government Investment, 96 Ky L. J. 369 (2008)  Download a PDF of the article.

Comment on Neil H. Burchanan's, Social Security and Government Deficits: When Should We Worry?, 92 Cornell L. Rev. 291 (2007)

Full Funding: The Future of Social Security, 22 J.L. & Pol. 395 (2006) Download a PDF of the article.

Expensing Isn’t the Only Option: Alternatives to the FASB’s Stock Option Expensing Proposal, 30 J. Corp. L 357 (2005) Download a PDF of the article.


Women's international and Comparative Human Rights (Carolina Academic Press, 2012)

Women and Human Rights Law (Carolina Academic Press, 2012)

Tax-Free Trade Zones of the World and in the United States (Edgar Elgar Press, 2011)

Decoding International Law: Semiotics and the Humanities (Oxford University Press 2010)


War Crimes and War Crimes Tribunals: Past, Present, and Future,Law & Policy Symposium, 1999) (with Leon Friedman)

Legal Ethics: Access to Justice (2 Journal of the Institute for the Study of Legal Ethics) (with Roy Simon, 1999)

Law and the Arts (Greenwood Press, 1999)


China's Employment Laws and Their Impact on Women Working in China, 23 UC Davis J. Int'l L. & Pol'y 253 (2017)

Foreign Trade Zones of the United States, Free Trade Zones of the World, 16 Waseda Asia Rev. 66 (2014)

U.S. Foreign Trade Zones, Tax-Free Trade Zones of the World, and Their Impact on the U.S. Economy, 12 J. Int'l Bus. & L. 149 (2013)

Semiotic Defination of "Lawfare", 43 Case W. Res. J. Int'l L. 29 (2010)

Gendercide and the Cultural Context of Sex Trafficking in China, 32 Fordham Int’l L.J. 731 (2009) (with Christie J. Edwards)

Child Soldiers, Slavery, and the Trafficking of Children, 31 Fordham Int’l L.J. 415 (2008)

Human Trafficking in China, 6 UST L.J. 247 (2008)

The Legal Right to Wear the Veil and Its Multiple Meanings, in Proceedings of International Law and Literature Conference (Oxford University Press, 2008)

Updating the Domestic and International Impact of the U. S. Victims of Trafficking Protection Act of 2000: Does Law Deter Crime?, 38 Case W. Res. J. Intl. L. 249 (2007)

The Domestic and International Impact of the U.S. Victims of Trafficking Protection Act of 2000: Does Law Deter Crime?, 2 Loy U. Chi. Int'l L. Rev. 193 (2005) Symposium Issue 193 (Spring/Summer 2005), Reprinted in 38 Case W. Res. J. Int'l L. 249 (2007)

The Semiotics of Women's Human Rights in Iran, 23 Conn. J. Int's L. 1 (2007)

William J. Clinton's Legacy to Women's Rights, Symposium Issue Hofstra University (2006)

The Cultural, Political, and Legal Climate Behind the Fight to Stop Trafficking in Women: William J. Clinton’s Legacy To Women’s Rights, 12 Cardozo J.L. & Gender 855 (2006)

Why the Medieval Trial of Joan of Arc is of Particular Interest Today, 21 J.L. & Religion 469 (2006) (reviewing Daniel Hobbins, The Trial of Joan of Arc (2005))

The Failure of The International Laws of War and the Role of Art and Story-Telling as a Self-Help Remedy for Restorative Justice, Symposium Issue, 12 Tex. Wesleyan L. Rev. 91 (2005)

Le Droit de Resistance a l'Oppression, Le Genre Humain 159 (2005)

Sex Slavery in the United States and Its Law to Stop it Here and Abroad, 11 Wm. & Mary J. Women & L. 317 (2005)

Civil Disobedience and the U.S. Constitution, 32 Sw.n U.L. Rev. 677 (2003), also in French as La Désobeissance Civile et la Constitution des États-Unis, in L’Droit De Resistance a L'Oppression, Collection "Le Genre Humain," 380 (Editions du Seuil, 2005)

Representation of International Humanitarian Laws in the Film "The Pianist": On the Curative Role of the Arts During Genocidal War, 28 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 43 (2005)

Copyright Infringement, Sex Trafficking, and the Fictional Life of a Geisha, 10 Mich. J. Gender & L. 327 (2004)

A Semiotic Approach to a Legal Definition of Terrorism, 9 ILSA J. Int'l & Comp. L. 358 (2003)

The Saga of Susannah – A U.S. Remedy for Sex Trafficking in Women: The Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000, 2002 Utah L. Rev. 107 (2002)

Business and Trade Law, in Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Social Sciences and Humanities: Law, § (UNESCO-Eolss, 2002) (published online, http://www.eolss.net/)

Preface to the Second Annual Women and the Law Conference, 24 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 191 (2002)

Sex Sells But Drugs Don’t Talk: Trafficking of Women Sex Workers and an Economic Solution, 24 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 161 (2002), reprinted in Women and the Law (Carol H. Lefcourt, ed., Thomson-West, 2003), updating Sex Sells But Drugs Don’t Talk: Trafficking of Women Sex Workers, 23 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 199 (2001)

The Paradox of International Adjudication: Developments in the International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, the World Court, and the International Criminal Court, 25 N.C.J. Int'l L. & Com. Reg. 551 (2000)

Free Trade and Protectionism: The Semiotics of Seattle, 17 Ariz. J. Int'l & Comp. L. 257 (2000)

Legal Ethics: Access to Justice 2 Journal of the Institute for the Study of Legal Ethics (Roy Simon and Susan Tiefenbrun, Eds., (1999)

War Crimes and War Crimes Tribunals: Past, Present, and Future, 3 Law and Policy Symposium (Leon Friedman and Susan Tiefenbrun, Eds. 1999)

A Hermeneutic Methodology and How Pirates Read and Misread the Berne Convention, 17 Wis. Int'l L.J. 1 (1999)

On Civil Disobedience, Jurisprudence, Feminism and the Law in the Antigones of Sophocles and Anouilh, 11 Cardozo Stud. L. & Literature 35 (1999)

Peace With Justice, 3 Hofstra L. & Pol'y Symp. 1 (Leon Friedman & Susan Tiefenbrun, eds., 1999)

Introduction to Interdisciplinarity and Retrial of Shylock in Law And The Arts 149 (Susan Tiefenbrun, Ed., 1999)

On the Tenth Anniversary of Cardozo Studies in Law and Literature, 10 Cardozo Stud. L. & Literature 139 (1998)

The Piracy of Intellectual Property in China and the Former Soviet Union and Its Effects Upon International Trade: A Comparison, 46 Buff L. Rev. 1 (1998)

The Role of the World Court in Settling International Disputes: A Recent Assessment, 20 Loy. L.A. Int'l L & Comp. L. Rev. 1 (1997)

The Lie, The Law and La Fontaine's Fables, 25 Metaphore 109 (1996)

State and Federal Foreign Affairs Power in the United States, in Government Structures in the U.S.A. and the Sovereign States of the Former U.S.S.R. 156 (Greenwood Press, 1996)

Land Ownership in the Russian Federation: Laws and Obstacles, 37 St. Louis U. L. J. 235 (1993)

A Comparison of International Arbitral Rules, 15 B.C. Int'l & Comp. L. Rev. 25 (1992)

Semiotics and Martin Luther King's 'Letter from Birmingham Jail, 4 Cardozo Stud. L. & Literature 255 (1992)

New Soviet Fundamentals of Law on Land Ownership, 4 N.Y. Int'l L. Rev. 92  (1991)(cited in publication of World Bank)

A Legal Framework for Soviet Privatization, 18 Pepp. L. Rev. 849 (1991)

Joint Ventures in the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe and The People's Republic of China as of December, 1989, 21 N.Y.U. J. Int'l L .& Pol. 667 (1989) (monograph)

Legal Semiotics, 5 Cardozo Arts & Ent. L.J, 89 (1986)

Other Scholarship:


The First Bilateral Investment Treaties: U.S. Postwar Friendship, Commerce and Navigation Treaties (Oxford University Press 2017)

A History of the Thomas Jefferson School of Law (The California Press 2013)

The First Bilateral Investment Treaties: Friendship, Commerce and Navigation Treaties in the Truman Administration (Proquest 2012)

Thinking Like a Lawyer: An Introduction to Legal Reasoning (Westview Press, 2nd ed., 2011) 

Bilateral Investment Treaties: History, Policy and Interpretation (Oxford University Press, 2010)

U.S. International Investment Agreements (Oxford University Press, 2009)

Investment Provisions in Economic Integration Agreements (Principal Author) (Geneva: United Nations, 2006)

International Investment Arrangements: Trends and Emerging Issues (with Roberto Echandi)(Geneva: United Nations, 2006)

Bilateral Investment Treaties in the Mid-1990s (Geneva: United Nations, 2000)

Scope and Definition, UNCTAD Series on Issues in International Investment Agreements (New York : United Nations, 1999)

Thinking Like a Lawyer: An Introduction to Legal Reasoning (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1996)

United States Investment Treaties: Policy and Practice (Deventer [Netherlands] ; Boston : Kluwer Law and Taxation, 1992)


Book Review: Jean E. Kalicki and Anna Joubrin-Bret, "Reshaping the Investor-State Dispute Settlement System: Journeys for the 21st Century", 23 Transnational Corps. 103 (2016)

The Liberal Vision of the International Law on Foreign Investment, in Alternative Visions of the International Law on Foreign Investment: Essays in Honour of Muthucumaraswamy Sornarajah 43 (Chin Leng Lim ed., Cambridge University Press 2016)

A Unified Theory of Fair and Equitable Treatment, 43 N.Y.U.J. Int'l L. & Pol. 43 (2011)

A Comparison of the 2004 and 1994 U.S. Model BITs: Rebalancing Investor and Host State Interests, in Yearbook on International Investment Law and Policy (Karl P. Sauvant, ed. 2008/2009)

A Brief History of International Investment Agreements, 12 U.C. Davis J. Int'l L. & Pol'y 157 (2005), reprinted in The Effect of Bilateral Investment Treaties and Double Taxation Treaties on Foreign Direct Investment Flows 2 (Karl P. Sauvant and Lisa E. Sachs, eds., New York: Oxford University Press, 2009)

Leadership in Times of Institutional Change, 37 U. Tol. L. Rev. 163 (2005)

A New Generation of International Investment Agreements: The Asia and Pacific Perspective, UNCTAD Occasional Paper (2005)

International Investment Agreements in Historical Perspective, 12 UC Davis J. L. & Pol'y 157 (2005)

The Economics of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 41 Harv. Int'l L.J. 469 (2000)

Fixing International Law of Fixing Castro, 48 Cath. U. L. Rev. 1035 (1999)

The Political Economy of a Bilateral Investment Treaty, 92 Am. J. Int'l L. 621 (1998)

Investment Liberalization and Economic Development: The Role of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 36 Colum. J. Transnat'l L. 501 (1998)

Sustainable Liberalism and the International Investment Regime, 19 Mich. J. Int'l L. 373 (1998)

Toward an Effective International Investment Regime, 91 Am. Soc'y Int'l Law Proc. 485 (1997)

Investment Arbitration in the BITs and ECT, in The Energy Charter Treaty (Cambridge: Kluwer Law International, 1996)

Arbitration Provisions in the BITs and the Energy Charter Treaty, in The Energy Charter Treaty 409 (Cambridge: Kluwer Law International, 1996)

Book Review, Rudolf Dolzer and Margrete Stevens, Bilateral Investment Treaties, 90 Am. J. of Int'l L. 545 (1996)

Book Review, Claire Cushman, The Supreme Court Justices: Illustrated Biographies, 1789-1993, 3 San Diego Just. J. 317 (1995)

U.S. Bilateral Investment Treaties: The Second Wave, 14 Mich. J. Int’l L. 621 (1993)

Of Politics and Markets: The Shifting Ideology of the Bits, 11 Int’l Tax & Bus. Law 159 (1993) (now Berkeley J. Int’l L.)

Ideology, Due Process, and Civil Procedure, 67 St. John’s L. Rev. 265 (1993)

The BIT Program: A Fifteen Year Appraisal, 1992 Am. Soc'y of Int'l L. Proc. 532 (1992)

The Modern Doctrine of Prima Facie Tort, 79 Ky L. J. 519 (1991)

A History of Prima Facie Tort: The Origins of a General Theory of Intentional Tort, 19 Hofstra L. Rev. 447 (1990)

Reassessing the Hickenlooper Amendment, 29 Va. J. of Int'l L. 115 (1988)

Treaty Interpretation from a Negotiator's Perspective, 21 Vand. J. of Transnat'l L. 281 (1988)

The Bilateral Investment Treaty Program of the United States, 21 Cornell Int'l L.J. 201 (1988)

Organization and Administration: PAC Legal Considerations, in The PAC Handbook 192 (with William E. Sudow, Esq.) (K. Clair ed., Fraser/Associates, 1981)

The New Property of the Nineteenth Century: the Development of the Modern Concept of Property, 29 Buff. L. Rev. 325 (1980)

International Regulation of Fluorocarbons, 2 Harv. Envtl L. Rev. 474 (1978)


Mediation Ethics: Cases and Commentaries (Jossey Bass, March 2011)


Forgiveness & Reconciliation: Processes and Outcomes, in The Negotiators Desk Reference (with Loren Toussaint) (Chris Honeyman and Andrea Kupfer Schneider ed., American Bar Association Section of Dispute Resolution Press, forthcoming 2017)

Inequality in America and Spillover Effects on Mediation Practice: Disputing for the 1 Per Cent and the 99 Per Cent, 35 Law In Context 24 (2017)

Palliative Care and End-of-Life Options, 34 Quinnipiac L. Rev. 627 (with Lynette Cederquist) (2016)

Mediators and Substantive Justice: A View from Rawls' Original Position, 30 Ohio St. J. on Disp. Resol. 391 (with Lola Akin Ojelabi) (2016)

The Hopes and Fears of All the Years: 30 Years behind and the Road Ahead for the Widespread Use of Mediation, 31 Ohio St. J. on Disp. Resol. 123 (with Lela P. Love) (2016)

Bioethics Mediation at the End of Life: Opportunities and Limitations, 15 Cardozo J. Conflict Resol. 449 (2014), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=2446758

Story as Sermon and Seduction , 34 Cardozo L. Rev. 2443 (2013), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=2446751

Elegy for Mrs. G: Mediating Losses at the End of Life, 23 Quinnipiac Prob. L. J. 411 (2010)

Mindfulness, Emotions and Ethics: The Right Stuff?, 10 Nev. L.J. 513 (2010)

Baby Doe Regulations and Tragic Choices at the Bedside: Accepting the Limits of “Good Process”, 25 Ga. St. U. L. Rev. 1019 (2009)

Therapeutic Jurisprudence: Growing Up and Looking Forward, 30 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 345 (2008)

Mediation at the End of Life: Getting Beyond the Limits of the Talking Cure, 23 Ohio St. J. on Disp. Resol. 143 (2007)

Restorative Justice and the Pre-conditions for Grace: Taking Victim’s Needs Seriously, 9 Cardozo J. Conflict Resol. 91 (2007)

Proactive Ethics Consultation in the ICU:  A Comparison of Value Perceived by Healthcare Professionals and Recipients, 18 J. Clinical Ethics 140 (2007) (with Felicia Cohn, Paula Goodman-Crews, William Rudman, and Lawrence J. Schneiderman)

Reconciliation and Forgiveness in Negotiation, in The Negotiator's Field Book (Honeyinan and Schneider)(2006)

Cultural Priorities Revealed: The Development and Regulation of Assisted Reproduction in the United States and Israel, 16 Health Matrix  65 (2006)

What Do We Tell the Children? 35 Cap. U. L. Rev. 517 (2006)

The Concept of Justice in Mediation: A Psychobiography, 6 Cardozo J. Conflict Resol. 247 (2005)

Eyes Wide Shut: Erasing Women’s Experience from the Clinic to the Courtroom, 28 Harv J.L. & Gender (2005) (with Marybeth Herald)

Book Review, Peter, D. Jacobson, Strangers in the Night: Law and Medicine in the Managed Care Era (2002) 29 J. Health Pol. Pol'y & L. 1241 (2004)

The Parent Trap: Uncovering the Myth of "Coerced Parenthood" in Frozen Embryo Disputes, 53 Am. U. L. Rev. 102 (2004)

Healing Hearts or Righting Wrongs? A Meditation on the Goals of "Restorative Justice," 25 Hamline J. Pub. L. and Pol'y 355 (2004)

San Diego Moveable Feast: Competition in Cooperation-Building (With Chris Honeyman, et al), 5 Cardozo J. of Conflict Resol. 173 (2004)

Disputing Over Embryos: Of Contracts and Consents, 32 Ariz St. L.J. 897 (2000), reprinted in Rights and Resources 123 (Frances H. Miller, ed., Ashgate, 2003)

King Solomon in the Age of Assisted Reproduction, 24 T.Jefferson L. Rev. 217 (2002)

Credentialing Approaches: The Slow Movement Toward Skills-Based Testing Continues, Disp. Resol. Mag., Fall 2001, at 14-16, 21

Substituting Needs For Rights in Mediation: Therapeutic or Disabling?, 5 Psychol. Pub. Pol'y & L. 1103 (1999)

Therapeutic Jurisprudence/Preventive Law and Alternative Dispute Resolution: Substituting Needs for Rights in Mediation: Therapeutic or Disabling?, 5 Psych. Pub. Pol'y & L. 1103,1111-13 (1999)

Family Law Conundrums in Assisted Reproduction, 21 Whitter L. Rev. 451 (1999)

The Evaluative-Facilitative Debate in Mediation: Applying the Lens of Therapeutic Jurisprudence, 82 Marq. L. Rev. 155 (1998)

Identifying the Role of Social Norms in Mediation: A Multiple Model Approach, 48 Hastings L.J. 703 (1997)

The Challenge of Certification: How to Ensure Mediator Competence While Preserving Diversity, 30 U.S.F. L. Rev. 723 (1996)

Role of Legal Norms in Divorce Mediation: An Arguent for Inclusion, 1 Va. J. Soc. Pol'y & L. 87 (1993)


Forty Acres and a Lawsuit: Legal Claims for Reparations, in Race, Ethnicity, and Law 79-91 (Emerald Publishing Limited 2017)

The Unconscionable Impossibility of Reparations; or, Why the Master's Mules will Never Dismantle the Master's House, in Injury and Injustice: The Cultural Politics of Harm and Redress (David Engel ed., Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2017)

“The Divine Institution of Marriage”: A Short Overview of LDS Statements and Actions During the Proposition 8 Campaign, 26 J. C.R. & Econ. Dev. 705 (2013) 

From Radical to Practical (and Back Again?): Reparations, Rhetoric, and Revolution, 25 Journal of Civil Rights & Economic Development 697 (2011)

Too Big to Remedy? Rethinking Restitution for Slavery and Jim Crow, 44 Loy. L.A. L. Rev. 177 (2010)

Apology Lite: Truths, Doubts, and Reconciliations in the Senate's Guarded Apology for Slavery, 42 Conn. L. Rev. 1 (2009)

The Church's Use of Secular Arguments, in Six Voices on Proposition 8: A Roundtable, 42 Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 99 (2009)

United States v. Socony-Vaccuum,  Encyclopedia of the Supreme Court. (2008)

Reparations Within the Rule of Law, 29 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 231 (2007)

Causation and Attenuation in the Slavery Reparations Debate, 40 U.S.F. L. Rev. 279 (2006)

Nullificatory Juries, 2004 Wis. L. Rev. 1115 (2003) (with David A. Hoffman)

Slavery as a Takings Clause Violation, 53 Am. U. L. Rev. 191 (2003)


Native American Sovereignty On Trial: A Handbook With Cases, Laws, and Documents (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2003)


Indian Sovereignty, General Federal Laws, and the Canons of Construction: An Overview and Update, 6 American Indian L.J. (forthcoming 2017)

A Personal Perspective on Marriage, Time, Space, Uncertainty, and the Law, 2011 Mich. St. L. Rev. 229 (2011) available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1866530

Nationalizing the Bill of Rights: Scholarship and Commentary on the Fourteenth Amendment in 1867-73, 18 J. Contemp. Legal Issues 153 (2009), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1354404

How the Ninth Circuit Overruled a Century of Supreme Court Indian Jurisprudence--And Has So Far Gotten Away With It, 2008 Mich. St. L. Rev. 547 (2008), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1099683 cited in Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan v. National Labor Relations Board, 838 F. Supp. 2d 598, 607 n.1 (E.D. Mich. 2011)

Federal Labor Law, Indian Sovereignty, and the Canons of Construction, 86 Or. L. Rev. 413 (2007), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=970590

A Reply to Professor Thomas, 68 Ohio St. L.J. 1659 (2007), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1019308

Nationalizing the Bill of Rights: Revisiting the Original Understanding of the Fourteenth Amendment in 1866-67, 68 Ohio St. L. J. 1509 (2007), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=963487 cited in McDonald v. Chicago, 130 S. Ct. 3020, 3033 n.10 (2010) (opinion of the Court), and at 3072 n.10, 3073 n.12, and 3079 (concurring opinion)

American Indian Tribes Enter the New Millennium, 25 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 593 (2003) (reviewing Stephen L. Pevar, The Rights of Indians and Tribes 2002), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1027801

Fighting the Lone Wolf Mentality: Twenty-First Century Reflections on the Paradoxical State of American Indian Law, 38 Tulsa L. Rev. 113 (2002), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=480885

How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Slaughter-House Cases: An Essay in Constitutional-Historical Revisionism, 23 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 241 (2001), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1028183

Civil War Without End: The Sociology and Synergy of Law and History, 2001 U. Ill. L. Rev. 629 (2001) (reviewing Pamela Brandwein, Reconstructing Reconstruction: The Supreme Court and the Productionof Historical Truth (1999)), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1028188

Book Review, 16 J.L. & Relig. 743 (2001) (Brian Edward Brown, Religion, Law and the Land: Native Americans and the Judicial Interpretation of Sacred Land (1999)), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1027801

The Road to Twining: Reassessing the Disincorporation of the Bill of Rights, 61 Ohio St. L.J. 1457 (2000), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=229443

The Lost Compromise: Reassessing the Early Understanding in Court and Congress on Incorporation of the Bill of Rights in the Fourteenth Amendment, 61 Ohio St. L.J. 1051 (2000), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=229228

To Say “I Do”: Shahar v. Bowers, Same-Sex Marriage, and Public Employee Free Speech Rights, 15 Ga. St. U.L. Rev. 381 (1998), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=181790

The Right of Confrontation, Justice Scalia, and the Power and Limits of Textualism, 48 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 1323 (1991), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1028686

Judicial Philosophies in Collison: Justice Blackmun, Garcia, and the Tenth Amendment, 32 Ariz. L. Rev. 749 (1990), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1028684

Note, State Parochialism, the Right to Travel, and the Privileges and Immunities Clause of Article IV, 41 Stan. L. Rev. 1557 (1989), available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1028679


The Deduction for Passthrough Firms: A Hodgepodge of Ideas, 158 Tax Notes 1517 (2018)

Carried Interest for the Common Man, 142 Tax Notes 1250 (2014), available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2419192

Obama's Gift to the Rich: A Permanent Payroll Tax Holiday, 48 Val. U. L. Rev. 83 (2013)

Corporations that Weren't: The Taxation of Firm Profits in Historical Perspective, 19 S. Cal. Interdisc. L.J. 501 (2010)

The Gap in the Employment Tax Gap, 20 Stan. L. & Pol'y Rev. 127 (2009)

Parity Lost: The Price of a Corporate Tax in a Progressive Tax World, 9 Nev. L.J. 130 (2008)

Equity Undermined: The 1918 Check-the-Box Entity Classification Election, Proceedings of the 101st Annual Conf. of the Nat'l Tax Ass'n 65 (2008)

Changing Tradeoffs Confront Employee-Shareholders Who Want to Access Corporate Profits, ABA Section of Taxation Newsquarterly, Vol. 27, No. 4
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Working For Free: It Ought to be Against the (Tax) Law, 76 Miss. L.J. 227 (2006)

Interest Prepayments on Cross-Border Financings, J. Taxation Global Transactions 11 (Winter 2002) (with L.G. Chip Harter)


Blueprint for Survival: A New Paradigm for International Environmental Emergencies, 29 Fordham Envtl. L. Rev. 221 (2017), available at https://ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/elr/vol29/iss2/5

A New Theory of Jurisprudence: The China Practical Rule of Law School of Thought, China School of Rule of Law Practice (Journal of Zhejiang University) (forthcoming 2017)

Torture at Home: Borrowing from the Torture Convention to Define Domestic Violence, 24 Hastings Women's Law Journal 457 (2013)

Censoring the Censors in the WTO: Reconciling the Communitarian and Human Rights Theories of International Law, 3 J. Int’l Media & Entertainment Law 17 (2010)

Toward a New Cultural Exemption in the WTO, in Multiculturalism and International Law: Essays in Honour of Edward McWhinney 649 (Sienho Yee & Jacques-Yvan Morin eds., 2009)

Reconciling Cultural Diversity and Free Trade in the Digital Age: A Cultural Analysis of the International Trade in Content Items, 41 Akron L. Rev. 399 (2008)

Hollywood's Disappearing Act: International Trade Remedies to Bring Hollywood Home, 39 Akron L. Rev. 739 (2006)

Technology Export Rules are Elusive, The National L. J., March 22, 1999 (co-authored with Michael Roybal)

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Flaws in the Interpretation of INA Section 101(a)(42) and in the Denial of Refugee Status to Cambodians in Thailand, 2 Geo. Immigr. L.J. 87 (1987) (co-authored with Steven J. Golub)

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From the Mouths of Babes: Protecting Child Authors from Themselves, 112 W. Va. L. Rev. 431 (2010)

It’s in the Cards: The Law of Tarot (and Other Fortunes Told), in Law and Magic: A Collection of Essays 15 (Christine Corcos ed., 2010)

It's Hard to Find a Good Pair of Genes: So Why Make Them Free for the Taking, 76 UMKC L. Rev. 505 (2007)

How on Earth Terrestrial Laws Can Protect Geospatial Data, 32 J. Space L. 253 (2006)

Harry Potter and The Three-Second Crime: Are We Vanishing the De Minimis Defense From Copyright Law? 36 N.M. L. Rev. 261 (2006)

Sanitary and Phytosanitary Meaures: What They Could Mean for Health and Safety Regulations under GATT, 36 Harv. Int'l L.J. 557 (1995)